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WWI

Manning's World War One Review

DefinitionTerm
Four factors that led to World War I NATIONALISM, MILITARISM, IMPERIALISM, ALLIANCES
Devotion to one's nation NATIONALISM
Glorification of the military MILITARISM
Political, military, economic domination of strong nations over weaker territories IMPERIALISM
Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy TRIPLE ALLIANCE
Alliance of France, Russia and Great Britain TRIPLE ENTENTE
heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary who was assassinated in Sarajevo (Bosnia;this would touch off WWI FRANCIS (FRANZ)FERDINAND
Bosnian conspirator who assassinated the archduke of Austria-Hungary GAVRILO PRINCIP
The forces of Britain, France, Russia, and Serbia who fought the Central Powers; also known as the "Allies" ALLIED POWERS
Forces of Germany, Austria-Hungary (later joined by Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire)who fought the Allied forces CENTRAL POWERS
Wilson's policy at the beginning of WWI in Europe NEUTRALITY
Information used to influence opinion PROPAGANDA
German submarines U-BOATS
English passenger liner that was sunk by Germany (128 Americans killed) LUSITANIA
Germany's pledge to not attack and sink unarmed ships SUSSEX PLEDGE
Communication between Germany and Mexico requesting that Mexico declare war on the United States; Mexico would get Texas, New Mexico, Arizona in return ZIMMERMAN TELEGRAM
Congressional act authorizing the draft of young men for military service; chosen by lottery SELECTIVE SERVICE ACT (1917)
Director of the food administration; able to avoid rationing by encouraging volunteer efforts HERBERT HOOVER
Congressional act that allowed postal authorities to ban treasonable or seditious newspapers, magazines,etc; also established penalties for anyone obstructing the war effort or interfering with recruitment ESPIONAGE ACT
Congressional act that made it unlawful to use disloyal, profane or scurrilous language about the US government, war, etc SEDITION ACT
Supreme Court case that upheld that constitutionality of Sedition Act; cannot create a "clear and present danger"; First Amendment rights are denied to insure security SCHENCK v. UNITED STATES
Spying to acquire secret government information ESPIONAGE
Mass movement of African Americans from southern United States to northern states (esp. Chicago) in search of employment and to escape discrimination GREAT MIGRATION
Commander of the American forces in WWI GENERAL JOHN PERSHING
Nickname for American soldiers in WWI DOUGHBOYS
Communists Party leader who was responsible for assassination on Czar Nicholas II, overthrow of Russian government and withdrawal of Russia from WWI VLADIMIR LENIN
Cease fire; truce; 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month ARMISTICE
President Wilson's goals for WWI and plan for future world negotiations; established the League of Nations, an "association of nations" FOURTEEN POINTS
world organization established after WWI to promote peaceful cooperation between countries; forerunner to the United Nations LEAGUE OF NATIONS
treaty between Germany and Allied forces (minus United States); forced Germany to pay reparations TREATY OF VERSAILLES
payment for war damages; required of Germany as a consequence of WWI REPARATIONS
isolationist US senators who opposed any treaty that that included a League of Nations; did not want US entangled in world organizations IRRECONCILABLES
senators who opposed the Treaty of Versailles as it was written; wanted changes made to the language RESERVATIONISTS
a wave of widespread fear that communists and radicals were plotting a revolution in the United States RED SCARE
Alliance Italy abandoned in 1914 TRIPLE ALLIANCE (LATER CALLED THE CENTRAL POWERS)
at the Paris Peace Conference, leaders of the United States, Great Britain, France, Italy BIG FOUR
Official name of the US military force fighting in WWI AMERICAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE
Union that was the target of police and vigilante groups during WWI. INDUSTRIAL WORKERS OF THE WORLD
A situation in which further action is useless; deadlock. STALEMATE
A new horror of warfare that caused burning skin and blindness. MUSTARD GAS
A method of fighting in ditches dug deep enough to enable soldiers to fight standing up. TRENCH WARFARE
A group of ships traveling together for mutual protection. CONVOY
American Senator involved in the fight regarding ratification of the Treaty of Versailles. HENRY CABOT LODGE
US government official who headed the War Industries Board during WWI. BERNARD BARUCH
Head of state of Germany throughout WWI. KAISER WILHELM
Prime Minister of England during the war. DAVID LLOYD GEORGE
He represented the French at the meeting of the Big Four GEORGE CLEMENCEAU
Due to nationalistic and imperialist rivalries, this area was called the "power key of Europe" BALKAN PENINSULA
The leader of Italy who represented the country at the Treaty of Versailles VITTORIO ORLANDO
What was included in Points 1-5 of the 14 Points NO SECRET ALLIANCES, FREEDOM OF THE SEA,FREE TRADE, REDUCTION IN ARMS, SELF DETERMINATION FOR COLONIAL NATIVES.
The only point of the 14 Points that was included in the Treaty of Versailles LEAGUE OF NATIONS
Large artillery gun developed by the Germans that could fire a shell 9 miles BIG BERTHA
Board organized to determine how to distribute/use raw materials and what/how much to produce WAR INDUSTRIES BOARD
Germany's military strategy that focused on striking a crushing blow to France and then turning attention to Russia SCHLIEFFEN PLAN
American soldiers who fought for the French so that they would be able to fight on the front lines HARLEM HELLFIGHTERS
Derogatory name for the Germans HUNS
This organization negotiated between workers and owners to prevent strikes; its motto was “work or fight”. NATIONAL WAR LABOR BOARD
New rapid fire weapon technology that Made “going up and over” deadly during trench warfare MACHINE GUN
The reason the Senate reject the Treaty of Versailles US WOULD BE DRAWN INTO EUROPEAN CONFLICTS
Allowing peoples of a certain area/territory to decide for themselves what kind of government they want. SELF DETERMINATION
As an effort to conserve food, the Food Administration encouraged children to become members of club? THE CLEAN PLATE CLUB
Blowing out of proportion the threat of German presence in the United States by changing names of things such as food WARTIME HYSTERIA
This organization utilized various methods to gain public support for the Allies during WWI COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC INFORMATION
New weapon technology that made “going up and over” deadly during trench warfare. MACHINE GUN
Type of warfare where combatants do not distinguish between soldiers and civilians. TOTAL WAR
Created by: wohsstudent