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CivicsChap.9Vocab.

TermDefinition
political party an organization of individuals with broad, common interests, who organize to win elections, to operate the government and to thereby influence government policy
two-party system a system of government in which two parties compete for power
third parties smaller, minor parties
platform a series of statements expressing the party’s principles
plank individual parts of the platform
national committee representatives from the 50 state party organizations who run a political party
caucus a meeting of political party members to conduct party business
precinct a geographic area that contains a specific number of voters
ward a larger election unit made up of several geographically connected precincts
political machine a strong party organization that can control political appointments and deliver votes
direct primary an election in which voters choose candidates to represent each party in a general election
closed primary an election in which only the declared members of a party are allowed to vote for that party’s nominees
open primary an election in which voters need not declare their party preference
plurality the most votes among all those running for a political office
majority a number that is more than 50 percent of the total
petition a formal request for government action or, a process by which candidates who are not affiliated with one of the two major parties can get on the ballot for the general election in most states
grassroots movement a political movement that begins with the people
Created by: greifdav