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7.1- 7.3

U.S. History

TermDefinition
George Washington 1) Commanded the Continental Army in the Rev. War 2) Responsible for setting many precedents that were followed by later presidents
Precedent An example that others will follow
Cabinet 1) Group made up of heads of all Executive Departments (Secretary of State) 2) President's advisors 3) This became a precedent
Supreme Court 1) Highest Court in the U.S. 2) Nominated by the president and approved by the Senate
Senate 1) Upper House of Congress 2) Equal representation 3) 6 year terms 4) changed by the 17th amendment
House Of Representatives 1) Lower house 2) Representation based on population 3) Elected every 2 years
Anti-Federalists 1)One of the 1st 2 political parties in the U.S. 2) More power to the states than to the federal gov't 3) Strict Construction 4) limit Elastic Clause
Federalist 1) One of the 1st 2 political parties 2) Strong central gov't 3) Loose Construction 4) use the elastic clause
Bill of Rights 1) first 10 amendments 2) Protect our rights against gov't 3) Included to get Constitution passed
National Bank 1) Part of Hamilton's financial plan 2) Anti-Federalists didn't feel Constitution supported it
Excise Tax 1)Usually on luxury items; called a "sin" tax 2)Hamilton put one on whiskey 3)Makes $ for gov't
James Madison 1) Main author of Constitution 2) Anti-Federalist 3) Against most of Hamilton's plans
Whiskey Rebellion 1) Uprising in western Pennsylvania 2) Shipped whiskey east for sale 3) Washington led federal troops and ended it
Alexander Hamilton 1) 1st Secretary of the Treasury 2) A federalist 3) Wanted fed. gov't to take state debts 4) Wanted a national bank
Thomas Jefferson 1) Author of the Declaration of Independence 2) Anti-Federalist 3) Against most of Hamilton's plans
Assumption Bill 1) Proposed by Hamilton 2) Fed gov't took over state debts from war 3) U.S. bought state bonds 4) Would move capital south to pass it
Neutrality 1)Not picking a side in a war or becoming involved in other nations' political affairs
Jay's Treaty 1) Between the U.S. and Great Britain 2)Britain would leave forts in the Northwest(they should have done this already)
Washington's Farewell Address When leaving Washington warned of the dangers of 1)Political Parties 2)Sectionalism 3)"entangling" (military) alliances
Pinckney's Treaty U.S. Treaty with Spain 1)Set southern & western U.S. boundary 2) U.S. had free navigation on the Mississippi
John Adams 1)First U.S. vice-president 2)Second president 3)Federalist 4)Refused to go to war with France
Sedition Act Made it illegal to criticize the gov't; this was against the Bill of Rights
Nullification Stated that a state should be able to declare a federal law unconstitutional; threatened to break up the country
Republican New name for the anti-federalists
Sectionalism 1)Being more loyal to your part of the country than to the entire country. 2)Washington warned against this
Kentucky Resolution 1)Written by Jefferson in reaction to the Sedition Act 2)A state doesn't have to obey an unconstitutional law
Created by: ltrudeau