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History Study Guide

study guide

Why did so many explorers set out from Europe during the 1400s? What were they looking for? Advances in Technology, compass, astrolab; lots of trade routes. They were looking for new land and for gold.
Christopher Columbus he thought he had reached the East Indies but he reached North America, had 4 voyages on behalf of Spain
Henry the Navigator Also known as Prince Henry, founded a school of navigation
Vasco de Gama His ships sailed in a wide arc south and west of Africa around the Cape of Good Hope.
Vasco Nunez de Balboa Heard Stories about the great waters of Central America, hiked through steamy rain forests to find them. He was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean from the Americas
Ferdinand Magellan He reached the southernmost tip of South Africa, sailed through stormy waters of a narrow sea passage.
Hernando De Soto He led an exploration to Florida, traveled 3 years following the stories of gold, crossed the Mississippi
Francisco Vasquez de Coronado He searched for the Seven Cities of Cibola (gold), his travels took him to Northern Mexico and present day New Mexico and Arizona
Walter Raleigh He sent scouts across the ocean to find golda good place for a colony, the scouts picked Roanoke Island (he called it Virginia)
Francis Drake He had success stealing Spanish treasure on its way from the Americas to Europe, he one of the best European privatiers
What was the Mayflower Compact, and why was it significant? It was a document the pilgrims signed, it was set up and organized an orderly government. It was a key step in setting up a republic and democratic government.
What were the major reasons for the founding of the New England Colonies? Freedom of religion and economic oppurtunities
New England Colonies subsistence farming, shipbuilding, and fishing
Middle Colonies farming
Southern Colonies harvesting cash crops, large plantations
What was the Great Awakening and what did it do for the colonies? It was a religious revival, the colonists got inspired by religious freedom; it led to new churches, united the colonies from the North and South
What was the French- Indian War about, who won it, and was the result? The Albany Union failed to unite the colonies so the the conflict between Britain and France made war, Britain won, Therefore William Pitt payed for the war but delayed the time the colonists would have to pay for the military costs
Sugar Act lowered the tax on molasses and sugar and it was to try and stop colonists from smuggling goods
Stamp Act taxed almost all printed materials, the material needed a stamp to show that the tax had been paid
Townshend Act taxed imported goods such as glass, tea and paper; the tax was paid before the goods arrived- before they were brought inside the colonies
Intolerable Acts known as the Coercive Acts and Quebec Acts- the law was meant to punish the colonists for resisting British authority. The British could live with you if they wanted
Boston Massacre Colonists sent word they were on the brink of rebellion, they thought Britain passed laws that violated their rights. Then a fight broke out between the Bostonians and soldiersThe redcoats killed 5 colonists. The colonists used the killings as propaganda
Created by: stephanie16