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ChapterSix

Foundations of Business Intelligence: Databases and Information Management

QuestionAnswer
Pieces of information describing a particular entry. attributes
A special organizational function for managing the organization's data resources, concerned with information policy, data planning, maintenance of data dictionaries, and data quality standards. data administration
Activities for detecting and correcting data in a database or file that incorrect, incomplete, improperly formatted, or redundant. Also known as data scrubbing. data cleansing
Specifies the structure of the content of a database. data definition
An automated manual tool for storing and organizing information about the data maintained in a database. data dictionary
A language associated with a database management system that end users and programmers use to manipulate data in the database. data manipulation language
A small data warehouse containing only a portion of the organization's data for a specified function of population of users. data mart
Analysis of large pools of data to find patterns and rules that can be used to guide decision making and predict future behavior. data mining
A survey and/or sample of files to determine accuracy and completeness of data in an information system. data quality audit
A database, with reporting and query tools, that stores current and historical data extracted from various operational systems and consolidated for management reporting and analysis. data warehouse
A group of related files. database
Refers to the more technical and operational aspects of managing data, including physical database design and maintenance. database administration
Special software to create and maintain a database and enable individual business applications to extract the data they need without having to create separate files or data definitions in their computer programs. database management system (DBMS)
A computer in a client/server environment that is responsible for running a DBMS to process SQL statements and perform database management tasks. database server
A person, place, thing, or event about which information must be kept. entity
A methodology for documenting databases illustrating the relationship between various entities n the database. entity-relationship diagram
A group of characters in a word, a group of words, or a group of complete numbers, such as a person's name or age. field
Field in a database table that enables users to find related information in another database table. foreign key
Formal rules governing the maintenance, distribution, and use of information in an organization. information policy
A field in a record that uniquely identifies incidents of the record so that it can be received, updated, or stored. key field
The process of creating small stable data structures from complex groups of data when designing a relational database. normalization
An approach to data management that stores both data and the procedures acting on the data as objects that can be automatically retrieved and shared; the objects can contain multimedia. object-oriented DBMS
A database management system that combines the capabilities of a relational DBMS for storing traditional information and the capabilities of an object-oriented DBMS for storing graphics and multimedia. object-relational DBMS
Capability for manipulating and analyzing large volumes of data from multiple perspectives. online analytical processing (OLAP)
Use of data mining techniques, historical data, and assumptions about future conditions to predict outcomes of events. Predictive analytics
Unique identifier for all the information in any row of a database table. primary key
Groups of related fields. records
Rules to ensure that relationships between coupled database tables remain consistent. referential integrity
A type of logical database model that treats data as if they were stored in two-dimensional tables. It can relate data stored in one table to data in another as long as the two tables share a common data element. relational database
The standard data manipulation language for relational database management systems. Structured Query Language (SQL)
Discovery of patterns and relationships from large sets of unstructured data. text mining
Rows or records in a relational database. tuples
Discovery and analysis of useful patterns and information from the World Wide Web. Web mining
represents the smallest unit of data a computer can handle Bit
a group of bits Byte
is a repository for raw unstructured data or structured data that for the most part have no yet been analyzed, and the data can be accessed in many ways. Data Lake
is one that is stored in multiple physical locations. Distributed Database
a group of records of the same type File
is an open source software framework managed by Apache software. Hadoop
relies primarily on a computer main memory for data storage In memory Computing
software can mine text comments in an email message, blog, social media conversation or survey form to detect favorable and unfavorable opinions about specific subjects Sentiment analysis
They use a more flexible data model and are designed for managing large data sets across many distributed machines and for easily scaling up or down. Nonrelational Database Management Systems
Big Data
Created by: TroyIS3310