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Intel Lessons

abacus one of the early calculating machines
Babbage designed the ancestor of today’s computers
King mother of computer programming
input data entered into a computer
output computer generated info. that is displayed to the user
processing manipulation of data by a microprocessor
storage any device that stores info
hardware the physical parts of a computer that you can touch Ex) Keyboard and Mouse
software programs that make hardware work
microprocessor "the brains”; device that performs tasks we ask the computer to do
motherboard circuit board that enables all 4 components to interact
RAM temporary storage; automatically erased when you turn the power off; does accept new info.
ROM permanent storage; never changes; does not accept new info.
hard drive main device computers use to store
integrated circuit a complete circuit on a chip used to process info.
download transfer files or data from one computer to another
transistor switch with no moving parts that uses electricity to turn itself on and off
digital information language of 0s and 1s
binary code consists of 2 symbols---0s and 1s
bit a binary digit—a 0 or a 1
pixel small visual unit used to build an image
fetch gets the instructions
decode determines what the instructions mean
execute performs the instructions
Internet a network of computer networks
World Wide Web system for browsing internet sites; made of many sites linked together
hypertext text that has hyperlinks
link when you click on it, it takes you to another location; appear in color or underlined
HTML the language used to create web pages
URL an address for an internet website
domain name complete address used to access a site
ISP provides access to the Internet for a fee
routers computers that receive info. and forward it to the destination on an efficient route
web servers computers that answer your request for a web page and sends the info. required to see that page on your computer
bandwidth the amount of data a cable can carry
Created by: moore7th
Popular Computers sets




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