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AR Unit 1 Hardware

Arkansas CBA unit 1 Hardware

TermDefinition
Input device data entered into the computer through a variety of devices such as a keyboard, microphone, scanner, flash drive, or mouse
File management A program on a computer that allows the user to create, edit, view, print, rename, copy, or delete files, folders, or an entire file system
Central Processing Unit (CPU) executes commands from a computer's hardware and software; the principal computer chip that contains several processing components, which determines the computer's operating speed; the "brain" of a computer
Memory computer chips that store data and programs while the computer is working; often called RAM or Random Access Memory
Application software computer software created to allow the user to perform specific a job or task Examples: Word processing, Spreadsheets, Database, and Graphics software i.e., Word files end in .doc and Excel files end in .xls
File type an extension at the end of a file name, indicating which application was used to create a document
Logon the action of gaining access to a computer or a network by entering a username and password; also called Login/Sign In
Operating system system software that acts as a "go-between", allowing computer hardware and other software to communicate with each other
Storage device external hardware used to store and retrieve data, such as a disk drive, CD/DVD drive, flash drive, or tape drive
System unit a computer case that contains the CPU, power supply, memory, and storage
System software software responsible for the general operation of a computer system, including the operation of hardware, running application software, and file management Examples: BIOS, Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, or utility software
Output device allows the user to view or listen to the data a computer processes such as a monitor, printer, headphones, or speakers
Peripheral additional hardware that isn't necessary for a computer to function, but does enhance how the computer can be used
Save storing data for later use
Save As a feature that allows the user to change the attributes of a file (such as location, file name, or file type) before saving it Examples: Scanner, Webcam, Computer joystick
Created by: karenhaley
 

 



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