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Sandberg Ch 13

The South

cotton gin This machine was invented by Eli Whitney in 1793 to remove seeds from short-staple cotton. It revolutionized the cotton industry.
cotton belt The region stretching from South Carolina to east Texas where most US Cotton was produced.
planters Large scale farmers who held more than 20 slaves.
factors Crop brokers who managed trade between southern planters and their customers.
Tredegar Iron Works This is a large iron factory that operated in Virginia in the early to mid-1800s.
yeoman Owners of small farms were called this.
folktales Stories that provide a moral lesson.
spirituals These are emotional Christian songs that enslaved people in the South sang. The songs mixed African and European elements as well as the slaves beliefs.
Nat Turner This person felt he was called by divine inspiration to end slavery. He led a revolt an was eventually tried, convicted and executed.
Nat Turner's Rebellion This was when a group of slaves in Virginia tried to overthrow and kill planter families.
domestic servant A person that performs work within the employer's/slave owner's household.
slavery The condition of being owned and/or under complete control of a master.
discrimination The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or things, often based on race, age, or sex.
oppression When one or many are subject to unjust treatment or control
Racism This is the belief that all members of each race has characteristics specific to that race, often uses to claim said race is inferior to another.
slave codes These are laws passed in the colonies used to control slaves.
Hierarchy of Power This is a system that organizes or ranks things or people according to their power or importance.
Cotton Boom A period in the South when cotton production spread.
Created by: Sandberg



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