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American Revolution

American Revolution Brainpop Quiz

What was the American Revolution? A long and bitter war
What was the American colonists' position? They were outmatched.
What were the differences between the British and Colonial military? American colonists had an inexperienced volunteer militia, and their opponents were the British- the most powerful military in the world.
Where and when was the first shot of the Revolution fired? The first shot of the Revolution was fired at Lexington, Massachusetts on April 19, 1775.
What was the difference in the number of soldiers between the British and the colonials? 700 British troops fought against 75 colonial militiamen.
How did the colonists know the British were coming? The colonists knew the British were coming because silversmith Paul Revere and his fellow patriots William Dawes and Samuel Prescott warned them in their famous midnight ride.
How many colonists did the British kill at Lexington, and where did they go? The British killed eight colonists, then marched to Concord, Massachusetts.
Who were stationed at Concord, Massachusetts? Several units of colonial minutemen were waiting for the British.
Where did colonist leaders meet and what did they decide? Colonist leaders met in the Second Continental Congress. They decided to form a Continental Army, led by George Washington.
Even after the war between the Colonists and the British, what was ironic about some colonists' attitude? Even though this is unusual, most colonists still hoped for peace with England at this point.
What convinced many colonists that the only course was independence? Thomas Paine's famous 1776 pamphlet, Common Sense.
What was "Common Sense"? Thomas Paine's famous 1776 pamphlet that convinced many colonists that the only course was independence.
What did the Continental Congress write in 1776? In 1776, the Continental Congress wrote the Declaration of Independence.
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence in 1776? the Continental COngress
What was the effect of the Declaration of Independence being adopted by all 13 colonies? War with England was final. It was a long fight.
What did George Washingon do to the British early on? He managed to drive the British out of Boston early on.
Why was attracting recruits to the American cause tough? Because the colonial army was poorly equipped, and many thought it had no chance against the British.
What occurred on Christmas Day in 1776? Washington led his army across the Delaware River and took British forces by surprise.
What happened after Washington's victory on Christmas Day? Many recruits joined the Continental Army.
What was the turning point in the war The Battle of Saratoga
What was the Europeans' reaction after the Americans won the Battle of Saratoga? European nations lent support to the colonial cause of independence.
Who won France's support in Europe? Benjamin Franklin
Who did France convince to help out the Colonials? Spain
What did France convincing Spain to help them in war lead to? What was the condition of the American Army? The British now had to fight many different enemies, on both land and sea.The American Army was still short on supplies.
In the winter of 1777, a quarter of Washington's troops died at _____________ from ___________? Valley Forge, Pennsylvania; cold, starvation, and disease
Who is John Paul Jones? An American officer who won a major naval battle off the coast of England.
The British's supremacy on the seas was __________ world-renowned
How did American forces do on land? On land, American forces started scoring on victory after another.
What did American forces realize earlier on and what did they do because of it? The American forces realized that they couldn't defeat the British in traditional warfare, so they became successful with guerilla warfare.
What was the Battle of Yorktown, Virginia? A 1781- A war fought between American and French forces who fought against the British in the war's final battle.
Who won the Battle of Yorktown? American and French forces
Who was the British general at the time? Lord Cornwallis
What role did the French's help play in this situation? Without the French military's help, the war might have gone on a lot longer.
Who was Paul Revere? A silversmith who warned the colonists that the British were coming in his famous midnight ride along with his fellow patriots, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott.
Who were minutemen? Militia fighters who pledged to be ready at a minute's notice. They lived up to their name.
What was the Second Continental Congress? Colonist leaders met here ad eventually decided to form a Continental Army, led by George Washington.
Who was Benedict Arnold? An American general who helped win battles, like the Battle of Saratoga. He eventually switched sides and became a traitor for England.
What is guerilla warfare? Instead of meeting the British on a battlefield, the American colonists staged small hit-and-run raids and ambushed. This frustrated the British army who were already tired from years of fighting.
Created by: Katrina1212