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A New Nation 8-3

Principles of US Constitution and SC and A New Nation

TermDefinition
Popular Sovereignty The authority for government flows from the people
Individual Rights Unalienable rights are guaranteed to all citizens in the Preamble and the Bill of Rights
Federalism The federal system divides government powers between national government and the government of the states.
Separation of Powers The structure of the new national government established three separate branches of government to limit the power of any one branch. The Legislative, Judicial and Executive Branch
Checks and Balances Each branch can check the power of the other. These checks keep any one branch from getting too much power.
Limited Government Powers of the government are restricted by the Constitution which protects the rights of the individual against excessive power by the government.
Representative Democracy Voters hold the sovereign power but elect representatives to exercise power for them.
Alexander Hamilton Leader of the Federalist Party
Thomas Jefferson Leader of the Democratic-Republicans
Protective Tariff a tax on imported goods designed to protect domestic goods rather than buying them from overseas.
XYZ Affair President John Adams sent Charles Cotesworth Pinckney and two diplomats to France to negotiate peace over American shipping. The French Representatives asked for a bribe and America declined.
War of 1812 War between the USA and Britain from 1812-1814. In this war, the White House was burned, no new land was gained or lost but America gained a sense of nationalism.
Embargo Act of 1807 Passed by Thomas Jefferson this was a stoppage of trade from Britain and France. Federalists opposed the embargo and later the War of 1812.
Created by: Mboesken