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Spanish Explorers

Exploration & Encounter

TermDefinition
Columbus Italian explorer that sailed for Spain. Became the first explorer to connect the Old World and the New World. Started a trade route between the two hemispheres that still exists today.
Ferdinand & Isabella The King and Queen of Spain. Funded Columbus's trips to the New World.
The 3 Gs The three major goals of the Spanish Conquistadors: Gold, Glory, and God (converting Native Americans).
The Columbian Exchange The Trade route between the Old World and New World that started in 1492.
Conquistadors Spanish explorers that focused on conquering the discovered land as opposed to befriending Native Americans.
Cortes A Conquistador that conquered the Aztec Empire.
Ponce de Leon A conquistador that unsuccessfully explored Florida looking for Fountain of Youth.
Pizarro A conquistador that conquered the Incan Empire.
Coronado A conquistador that unsuccessfully explored the Southwest United States looking for the 7 Golden Cities of Cibola.
Encomienda A policy of New Spain that allowed settlers to force Native Americans living on their land to pay taxes and to work for them.
Magellan A Spanish explorer that discovered first water route around the world.
Created by: Mr.Nichols