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chapter 16 vocab

TermDefinition
1.Satellite State independent nation under the control of a more powerful nation
2.Cold War worldwide rivalry between the U.S and the Soviet Union
3.Iron Curtain to describe the border between the Soviet satellite states and Western Europe
4.Truman Doctrine President Trumans promise to help nations struggling against communist movements
5.Containment policy of keeping communism contained within its existing borders
6.Marshall Plan foreign policy that offered economic aid to Western European countries after WWII
7.Berlin Airlift program in which U.S and British pilots flew supplies to West Berlin during a blockade
8.NATO military alliance formed to counter Soviet expansion
9.Warsaw Pact military alliance of the Soviet Union and its satellite states
10.38th Parallel dividing line between North and South Korea
11.Limited War a war in which the weapons used, the nations or territory involved, or the objectives pursued are restricted in some way
12.SEATO was an international organization for collective defense in Southeast Asia created by the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty
13.Arms Race a competition between nations for superiority in the development and accumulation of weapons
14.Mutually Assured Destruction is a doctrine of military strategy and national security policy in which a full-scale use of high-yield weapons of mass destruction
15.Massive Retaliation is a military doctrine and nuclear strategy in which a state commits itself to retaliate in much greater force in the event of an attack.
16.Brinkmanship the art or practice of pursuing a dangerous policy to the limits of safety before stopping, typically in politics.
17.Nationalize transfer from private to state ownership or control.
18.CIA is responsible for providing intelligence on a wide range of national security issues to senior US policymakers.
19.NASA is a United States government agency that is responsible for science and technology related to air and space.
20.Red Scare a period of general fear of communists
21.Smith Act is a United States federal statute enacted June 29, 1940, that set criminal penalties for advocating the overthrow of the U.S.
22.HUAC was created in 1938 to investigate alleged disloyalty and subversive activities on the part of private citizens, public employees, and those organizations suspected of having Communist ties.
23.Hollywood Ten was the mid-20th-century practice of denying employment to screenwriters, actors, directors, musicians
24.Blacklist a list of people or products viewed with suspicion or disapproval.
25.McCarthyism a vociferous campaign against alleged communists in the US government and other institutions
26.Eisenhower Doctrine a country could request American economic assistance or aid from U.S.
Created by: christina19