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Ch. 16

Chapter 16

1. satellite state independent nation under the control of a more powerful nation
2. Cold War worldwide rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union
3. iron curtain term coined by Winston Churchill to describe the border between the Soviet satellite states and Western Europe
4. containment policy of keeping communism contained within its existing borders
5. Marshall Plan foreign policy that offered economic aid to Western European countries after WWII
6. Berlin airlift program in which U.S. and British pilots flew sullies to West Berlin during a Soviet blockade
7. NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) military alliance formed to counter Soviet expansion
8. Warsaw Pact military alliance of the Soviet Union and its satellite states
9. 38th parallel divided line between the United States and the Soviet Union (latitude)
10. limited war war fought to achieve only specific goals
11. SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization) defensive alliance aimed at preventing communist aggression in Asia
12. arms race contest in which nations compete to build more powerful weapons
13. mutually assured destruction policy in which the United States and the Soviet Union helped to deter nuclear war by building up enough weapons to destroy one another
14. massive retaliation policy of threatening to use massive force in response to aggression
15. brinkmanship belief that only by going to the brink of war could the United States protect itself against communist aggression
16. nationalize to place a resource under government control
17. Suez crisis attempt by France and Great Britain to seize control of the Suez Canal in 1956
18. Eisenhower Doctrine policy of President Eisenhower that stated that the United States would use force to help any nation threatened by communism
19. CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) U.S. intelligence-gathering organization
20. NASA (National Aeronautics & Space Administration) government agency that coordinates U.S. efforts in space
21. Red Scare fear that communists were working to destroy the American way of life
22. Smith Act law that made it unlawful to teach or advocate the violent overthrow of the United States government
23. HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee) congressional committee that investigated possible subversive activities within the United States
24. Hollywood Ten group of movie writers, directors, and producers who refused to answer HUAC questions about communist ties
25. blacklist list of persons who were not hired because of suspected communists ties
26. McCarthyism negative catchword for extreme, reckless charges of disloyalty
27. Truman Doctrine President Truman's promise to help nations struggling against communist movements
Created by: K_Higgins01