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Executive Branch

Roles of the U.S. President and Vice President

TermDefinition
Article 2 of the Constitution Defines the powers of the Executive Branch
Popular Sovereignty All political power resides in the people
Limited Government Ensures that no branch of government is all-powerful
Rule of Law Holds that government and its officers are always subject to—never above—the law
Separation of Powers Basic powers are distributed among three distinct and independent branches of government
Checks and Balances Each branch of government has certain powers with which it can check the operations of the other two
Veto To reject
Congress Has the power to make laws
Two-thirds Congress can override a presidential veto by a _______________ vote in each house
Formal Qualifications to Become President Be a natural born citizen of the United States; Be at least 35 years of age; Have been a citizen of the United States for at least 14 years
Eight Presidential Roles Chief of State; Chief Executive; Chief Administrator; Chief Diplomat; Commander in Chief; Chief Legislator; Chief of Party; Chief Citizen
Succession If the President is determined disabled, dies, or is removed from office, the Vice President takes over. This is known as...
Presidential Term 4 years
Two Number of terms a President may be elected to
Presidential Pay $400,000/year, with a $50,000/year expense allowance
Vice Presidential Roles To preside over the Senate, and to help decide the question of Presidential disability, taking over the office if the President is determined to be disabled
Electoral College A system originally set forth by the 12th amendment that has electors (not citizens) vote for the President
22nd Amendment 1951; Limits Presidents to serving two terms
25th Amendment 1967; Established the order of succession (President; Vice President; Speaker of House; President Pro Tempore; Cabinet members in order departments were created.)
Cabinet Advisors of the President
Created by: hannahe013