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Chapter 16

TermDefinition
1)Satellite state independent nation under the control of a more powerful nation
2)Cold War worldwide rivalry between the united nations and the soviet union
3)Iron Curtain term coined by Winston Churchill to describe the border between the Soviet Union states and the Western Europe
4)Truman Doctrine Pres. Truman's promise to help nations struggling against communist movements
5)containment policy of keeping communism contained within its existing borders
6)Marshall Plan foreign policy that offered economic aid to Western European Countries after WW2
7)Berlin airlift program that U.S. and British pilots flew supplies to West Berlin during a Soviet blockade
8)North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO) 1949 provided the military alliance to counter Soviet expansion
9)Warsaw Pact military alliance between the Soviet Union and the satellite states
10)38th parallel the line set to slip the Korea
11)limited war war fought to achieve only specific goals
12)Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) was a defensive alliance aimed at preventing the spread of communism
13)arms race contest in which nation compete to build more powerful weapons
14)mutually assured destruction policy in which the U.S. and the Soviet Union hoped to deter nuclear war by building up enough weapons to destroy one another
15)massive retaliation policy of threatening to use massive force in response to aggresion
16)brinkmanship belief that only by going to the brink of war could the U.S. protect itself against communist aggression
17)nationalize to place a resource under gov't control
18)Suez crisis attempt by France and great Britain to seize control of the Suez Canal in 1956
19)Central Intelligence Agency(CIA) U.S. intelligence -gathering organization
20)National Aeronautics and space Administration(NASA) coordinate the space-related efforts of American scientists and the military
21)Red Scare a fear that communists both inside and outside Americans were working to destroy American life
22)Smith Act law that made it unlawful to teach or advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. gov't
23)House Un-American Activities Committee(HUAC) congressional committee that investigated possible subversive activities within the U.S.
24)Hollywood Ten group of movie writers ,directors , and producers who refused to answer HUAC questions about communist ties
25)blacklist list of people who were not hired because of suspect communist ties
26)McCarthyism negative catchword for extreme, reckless charges of disloyalty
Created by: vida_girl96