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Chapter 16 Vocab

TermDefinition
1.Satelleite State Eastern European Countries: Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria
2.Cold War term used to describe U.S. and Soviet Union never facing each other directly in a "hot" miitary conflict
3.Iron Curtain described border between Soviet satellite states and Wester Europe by Winston Churchill
4.Truman Doctrine promise to aid nations struggling against communist movements
5.Containment policy of keeping communism contained within its existing borders
6.Marshall Plan foreign policy that offered economic aid to Western European countries after WW2
7.Berlin Airlift program where U.S. and Vritish pilots flew supplies to West Berlin during a Soviet blockade
8.NATO provided military alliance to counter Soviet expansion
9.Warsaw Pact Soviet Union and its satellite states formed this rival military alliance
10.38th Parallel dividing line between North and South Korea
11.Limited War war fought to achieve only specific goals
12.SEATO defensive alliance aimed at preventing the spread of communism
13.Arms Race contest where nations competed to build more powerful weapons
14.Mutually Assured Destruction policy where U.S. and Soviet Union hoped to deter nuclear war by building up enough weapons to destroy one another
15.Massive Retaliation policy of threatening to use massive force in responce to aggression
16.Brinkmanship belief that only going tp the brink of war could the U.S. protect itself against communist aggression
17.Nationalize place a resource under government control
18.Suez Crisis attempt by France and Great Britain to seize control of the Suez Canal in 1956
19.Eisenhower Doctrine policy of President Eisenhower that stated that the U.S. would use force to help any nation threatened by communism
20.CIA U.S. intelligence-gathering organization
21.NASA government agency that coordinates U.S. efforts in space
22.Red Scare fear that communists were working to destroy the American way of life
23.Smith Act law that made it unlawful to teach or advocate the violent overthrow of the U.S. government
24.HUAC congressional committee that investigated possible subversive activities within the U.S.
25.Hollywood Ten group of movie writers, directors, and producers who refused to answer HUAC questions about communist ties
26.blacklist list of persons who weren't hired because of suspected communist ties
27.McCarthyism negative catchword for extreme, reckless charges of disloyalty
Created by: SRichard