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History Test 3

QuestionAnswer
The Affluent Society
Consumer Culture It became a race to make newer technology. greater range of "Goods and Services" and therefore "A greater scope of freedom" in American "Personal lives".
Technology Appliances, more weapons, AC, and the TV. TV shows showed suburban life. Provided Americans of all regions and backgrounds with a common cultural experience.
1950s Culture
Suburbanization Growth of home ownership outside of cities
Cars "The concept of Freedom." More suburbs had it; things were farther. Good for families.
Women and Family in the 50s Women moved into economic jobs. Women remained at home. Gender type jobs were lower pay and some women went back into the workforce.
The Beats A small group of poets and writers that railed against mainstream culture.
Rebellious Youth A novel by J.D. Salinger highlighted the alienation of at least some young teens from the world of adult respectability. This helped to spur a panic about "Juvenile Delinquency". Some musicians doing sexually productive movements to enthusiast young
Rock and Roll
The Mattachine Society
Daughters of Bilitis
Suburban Segregation More whites moved into the suburbs away from urban areas. Other ethnicity's were in urban areas. 3 million blacks moved from the south to the suburbs.
Eisenhower First president that both houses wanted him. Had the biggest political appeal.
Election of 1952 Both parties wanted Eisenhower.
Interstate System Making transportation easier. Protection from nuclear attack for quicker invading.
Massive Retaliation Eisenhower hated war. Any Soviet attack on an American ally would be countered by a nuclear assault on the Soviet Union. Doing the opposite of what the Republicans wanted him to do.
Nikita Khrushchev Reviled what Stolland did. Seemed less scary because people didn't fear him as much. He wanted less Cold War tension. Soviets shot down American Spy Plane causing more tension.
Decolonization in the Developing World In Asia and Africa. Colonial Powers forced out of control; they wanted freedom and democracy.
Vietnam French military effort to preserve Japanese's Asian Empire. Anticommunism led the US into deeper and deeper involvement.
Brown Vs. Board of Education Blacks challenged unfair school policies. Oliver Brown went to court for his daughters sake. They said it violated the 14th Amendment. The decision did not address segregation anywhere else but in schools.
Emmitt Till Brutally Murdered by two white men for dog whistling at a white women. The men were convicted but not punished.
Montgomery Bus Boycott Rosa Parks got arrested for not giving up her seat. It started a bus boycott that lasted over a year.
Martin Luther King JR Used nonviolence tactics that were also used by Ghandi.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) Martin Luther King was their Leader and this organization made whites look like monsters.
Massive Resistance Whites didn't accept Brown Vs. Board Decision. Justices declared that desegregation should proceed "With all deliberate speed". When a black wanted to go to their school, the shut it down.
JFK
Election 1960 Nixon (R) Vs. Kennedy (D).Many people didnt want to vote for Kennedy because he was Catholic. He claimed that he would not bring his religion into this but he will help against the Soviets. Soon, he was the president.
Peace Corps
Alliance for Progress Made communism appealing. Stabilizing places in Latin America.
Bay of Pigs Disaster. 1200 invaders killed or captured.
Cuban Missile Soviets built the Berlin Wall/ keep people from fleeing to East Berlin. Soviets then put missiles in Cuba. Military people wanted JFK to attack Cuba and then tension rose
Identity Politics
Sit- in Movement In NC, group of black students sat at a segregated counter. People then joined in (even whites)/ After 5 months, they agreed to serve blacks and forced desegregation.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
Freedom Rides CORE- Transportation segregation. The African Americans bus got bombed.
Albany Campaign MLK got more appealing and more media attention
Medgar Evers Same night that JFK announced plans for Civil Rights Act, he was killed.
March on Washington 250,000 marched on the states capital. It was for jobs and freedom. (Economic Justice) This was Based off of Randolph idea. This would have never happened without Bayard Rustin.
Bayard Rustin was involved in many Civil Rights organizations. He couldn't do much in this because he was gay and how he used to be involved with communism.
JFK Assassination Lee Harvey Oswald killed him. He wasn't able to be alive to see his Civil Rights Act to actually come to be. Soon, after his death, Lyndon Johnson was resilient.
LBJ and Civil Rights Opposite of Kennedy. He was a white southern democrat that still accepts the New Deal. He wanted to end poverty. Also, he can talk people in and out of everything. Good with trading.
Freedom Summer Alot of whites and black college students go to Mississippi to let blacks vote. White did this because putting whites in harms way will bring more attention to it. People didn't care about blacks getting hurt, but will to whites.
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
Civil Rights Act of 1964 LBJ passed this Act. Outlawed Discrimination. There was pressure to pass this because of what was happening in Mississippi.
Election of 1964 There were limits of what the Civil Rights Act would do for them. LBJ wins the election by a landslide.
Selma to Montgomery March Protest voting rights. This was led by Martin Luther King. During this march, blacks were beaten and assaulted.
Voting Rights Act (1965) Gave the federal government power to register voters. Meaning, the federal government can make whomever they want vote.
The Great Society Similar to New Deal. Was a response to prosperity, not depression. Provided health services to the poor and elderly in the new Medicaid and Medicare programs and poured federal funds into education and urban development.
Medicaid Provided healthcare assistance for elderly.
Medicare Provided Healthcare assistance for the poor.
War on Poverty Scholarships for law income skills, Head Start, VISTA, legal services. Decreased poverty by half its rate.
Changes in the CRM Movement is for economics now. The black unemployment rate was double the right. Riots in Harlem and Watts because of unfair treatment that continued in the Urban West.
Malcolm X He was in the nation of Islam. Took different approach than MLK. Blacks shouldn't want to belong with the whites, they should be by themselves.
Black Power Response to the inability to nonviolent protest. Showing the beauty of being black.
Black Panthers Rejected black nationalism huge armed conflicts against police. FBI killed some of it's leaders
Vietnam War Afraid on communism would take control of countries. War divided Vietnam in half. US got involved because of the Domino Theory.
Domino Theory If one country falls to communism, it would influence more countries to fall for it.
Ngo Dinh Diem Supported by the US. Was an anti-communist catholic. Later, We killed him because he didn't work out the way we wanted him to. He wasn't effective or popular.
Viet-Cong/ National Liberation Front Helped poor.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution Authorized the president to the all necessary measures to repeat armed attack. LBJ sends ground trooped. US launched bombing campaigns.
Bombings of Laos and Cambodia
Tet Offensive Launched huge series of up-springs in South Vietnam.
MLK Assassination Was in a labor strike supporting it. After this, he was murdered. Huge, violent uprisings and riots.
Columbia University Occupation Students occupied several campus buildings and was assaulted by police. Resulted in a strike which eventually closed Columbia University.
RFK Assassination Robert Kennedy wanted to run for president after the death of his brother. He was for Civil Rights and he disagreed with Vietnam. While running, he took lead over McCarthy and was very popular. Soon, he was killed and Nixon becomes president.
Chicago Democratic Convention protest thousands of anti- war people were assaulted by police. seven were arrested and were called the Chicago seven.
The New Left
Students for the Democratic Society (SDS) Privileged white students that supported black freedom movement wanted changes in the US for freedom. Want to limit students to be in political things.
60s Counterculture
Kent State Shootings Nixon invaded Cambodia- protest spread. Anti- war protest. 4 protesters were shot and skilled by national guards.
Women's Liberation
Betty Friedan Published a book "Feminine Mystique." She says its a "Problem with no name"
Nationals Organization for Women (NOW) This was for an equal pay and for a position in society.
Miss America Protest
Roe Vs. Wade Constitution protects women's rights for abortion.
Equal Rights Amendment Congress passed it because of second wave feminist were stronger and more demanding.
Limitations of Second- Wave Feminism Only focused on middle class whites, not any other classes or race.
Stonewall Riots Police raided gay bar. Arrested everyone that they could. Blacks fought back against the police causing a riot. 2,000 gays and New York people joined in.
Christopher Street Gay Liberation Day Parade Anniversary pf the Stonewall riot. Start of Gay pride movement. 10,000 people marched in this parade and it grew each year.
Election of 1968
Environment Protection Agency
Occupation Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Endangered Species Act
Clean Air Act
Welfare
Nixon's Foreign Policy
Detente
SALT
Anti- Ballistic Missile Treaty
Vietnamization
MY Lai Massacre
Invasion of Cambodia
Khmer Rouge
End of Vietnam War
Watergate
Stagflation
Jimmy Carter Racially progressive. Southern white democrat. His cold war policy was he thought it was time to take focus off of containment and focus on poverty & human rights.
Camp David Accords Peace agreement between two foreign countries.
Panama Canal Improved relationships with Latin countries. Gave control of the Panama canal back to Panama.
SALT II Agreement with USSR further reduced nuclear arms.
Iran Marked change in political congress. Revolution anti- American.
Afganistan Soviets tried to prop in social government. What they did in Afgan was what we were trying to do to Iran.
Rise to the New Right Migration of religious fundamentalist to the Republicans.
Anita Bryant Former Ms. America. Face of Anti- gay movement. In Miami, she launched huge campaign against it (Save Our Children).
Harvey Milk First openly gay person elected to office. San Francisco board of supervisors. Dan White got out of office and wanted his job back so he killed him. He only got 5 years and it caused the White Night Riot.
Ronald Reagan Easy victory and was popular. Brought religious right to rep. party. Catered to white southern.
Reaganomics Reduce taxes on wealthy Americans. Weakened labor unions and deregulate businesses in economy. Had huge recession. Rich got richer and poor got poorer.
Iran- Contra Affair
The AIDS Crisis
Gay Men's Health Crisis
End of Cold War
Desegregation of the University of Mississippi Ordered them to admit a black boy into their college, White people went on a riot and seven people were killed. The black boy was mistreated.
Birmingham Campaign "Bombingham" James Bevel organized a children march and they got arrested and then they sent out more children and they continued to march. Soon, with Robert Kennedys help, they agreed to desegregate local businesses and resturants. also let the protestors out of jail
Ho Chi Minh Allied with National Liberation front. Communist North Vietnam
Created by: preciousholmes13