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History Chapter 7

TermDefinition
John Paul Jones An officer in 1779, became commander of Bonhomme Richard ship and defeated the British, battling at sea, winning the famous sea battle
Richard Allen A preacher who started the Free African Society and also founded the first African-American church, the African Methodist Episcopal Church
Lord Cornwallis British general of army located in Camden, South Carolina, defeating the Americans
Republicanism The belief that government should be based on the consent of the people
Strategy An overall plan of action
Mercenary A professional soldier hired to fight for a foreign country
Pacifist A person, mainly a Quaker, opposed to war
guerrillas A soldier who weakens the enemy with surprise raids and hit-and-run attacks
Battle of Yorktown The last major battle of the Revolutionary War, which resulted in the surrender of the British forces in 1781
Privateer A privately owned ship that has government permission during wartime to attack on an enemy's merchant ships.
Treaty of Paris of 1783 The treaty that ended the Revolutionary War, confirming the independence of the United States and setting the boundaries of the new nation
Bayonet A long steel knife attached to the end of a gun
Battles of Saratoga A series of conflicts between British soldiers and the Continental Army in 1777 that proved to be a turning point in the Revolutionary War
Rendezvous A meeting
George Washington A man who became the commander of the Continental Army in June of 1775
Desert To leave military duty without intending to return
Ally A country that agrees to help another country achieve a common goal
Elizabeth Freeman An African American who sued her freedom in Massachusetts court and won, with similar cases following led to the end of slavery in Massachusetts
Marquis de Lafayette A 19 year old French nobleman who volunteered to serve in Washington's army, having a very close bond with Washington
James Forten A 14 year old son of a free African American sail maker, who signed up to sail Royal Louis that refused to get a free trip to England when British captured the ship, and is famous for his efforts to end slavery
Created by: missym18