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2nd Six Weeks Review

Assistance with the Review Packet

QuestionAnswer
What was the name of the first Constitution? Articles of Confederation
Name the three branches of government Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
What year was the U.S. Constitution ratified 1791
What are the five freedoms listed in the first Amendment? Speech, Religion, Press, Assembly, and Petition
What principle of government means people rule? Popular Sovereignty
Which amendment was added to answer a grievance listed in the Declaration of Independence 3rd Amendment
List the Six Purposes of government Establish justice, Insure domestic tranquility, provide of the common defense, promote the general welfare, secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution are known as the Bill of rights
An example of the Constitutional principle of popular sovereignty would be citizens participating in the voting process
The Three-Fifths (3/5s) compromise was included in the Constitution to resolve the conflict over taxation and representation issues
The Preamble of the United States Constitution states that the power to govern originates with American citizens
The Federalist Papers were written to encourage ratification of the U.S. Constitution
Opposing interpretations of the U.S. Constitution were most evident in the debate over the creation of the Bank of the United States
writing of the Articles of Confederation individual rights were not adequately protected
The idea that government and its officers are always subject to, and never above, the law is the principle of limited government
The________ is the brief introduction to the Constitution preamble
The President’s rejection of an act of Congress is known as a ___________. veto
The Principle of ______ ______ holds that government may do only those things that the people have given them the power to do. limited government
The principle of ______ ______ ______ divides powers into three separate groups of branches of government. separation of powers
The principle of ______ ______means that government gets its power from the people. popular sovereignty
The principle of _________ is the sharing of powers between the state government and the national government. Federalism
The principle of _______ _______ _______ is applied when the Senate confirms or rejects the President’s appointment to the Supreme Court. Checks and Balances
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution are collectively known as the ______ ______ ______ ______ The Bill of Rights
The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments are collectively known as the _____ _____ _____ _____ amendments. The Civil War Amendments
The principle of ______ ______ guarantees that citizens possess basic rights and liberties. Individual Rights
In the principle of _______ voters choose representatives to exercise the power that they give to them. Republicanism
Define and provide an example of a Federalist Supporter of the Constitution that establishes the division of power between the federal government and the states. James Madison
Define and provide an example of an Antifederalist People who opposed the Constitution and a strong national government; Thomas Jefferson
Why were the Articles of Confederation unable to support the United States? The national government had no power to tax or collect taxes
Which of the following is a power of the judicial branch? reviews the constitutionality of laws
_________ is an example of the _________ branch of government. The Constitution provides the congress with the power to create laws, declare war, and tax, among others. Congress; Legislative
_________ is an example of the _________ branch of government. This branch provides judicial review. This branch interprets the laws. SCOTUS; Judicial
_______ is an example of the _______ branch of government. This branch carries out the laws and runs the affairs of the national government. President Obama; Executive
An ______ is a change or addition to the Constitution. Amendment
An ______ is a change or addition to the Constitution. Amendment
There are two methods to amend the Constitution, those are _______ and ______. Proposal; Ratification
What was the purpose of the Northwest Ordinance and what did it do? It set up a govt for the Northwest Territory, guaranteed basic rights to settlers and outlawed slavery there.
Who were the targets of the rebels during Shay’s Rebellion State of Massachusetts
What did the Rebellion prove? Many Americans saw this as a sign that The Articles of Confederation did not work
Define Bicameral two houses
The Constitutional Convention was held in ______ from ______ to ______. Philadelphia; May 1787; Sept 1787
What is the Reason for the Separation of Powers. Designed to keep any person or group from gaining too much power
Provide three examples of the Checks and Balances system Veto, overriding, impeachment
Define and List powers of the Federal government National Defense, Foreign treaties, Immigration, Building Interstates, Post office
Define and List powers of the State government Certifications, Alcohol and tobacco use maintaining roads
Define and list Shared powers Amending the Constitution, taxes, ...
Published two Treaties of Government in 1690. Ideas of Natural Rights and wrote Life, Liberty, and Property John Locke
Enlightenment thinker Baron de Montesquieu wrote The Spirit of the Laws, stressed the importance of Rule of Law and Separation of Powers Baron de Montesquieu
Social Contract theory Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Articles 1, 2, and 3 of the Constitution created what branches of government Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
List the Important facts of the Virginia Plan called for a strong national government with three branches of government. Representative would be based on state Population
Created by: MsHigginbotham