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Unit 2: Rev War

Revolutionary War

TermDefinition
Enlightenment 18th century philosophical event that spread literacy and focused on natural rights
Glorious Revolution set precedent for the colonies to reject British authority
Great Awakening involved a return to church, return to God, and a questioning of traditional authority
Stamp Act tax on stamps for legal documents and newspapers
Boston Massacre reaction to British governments legalized use of the writs of assistance to arrest smugglers
Coercive/Intolerable Acts restricted the civil rights and civil liberties of the colonists
Boston Tea Party colonists, dressed as Indians, dumped tea into Boston Harbor as reaction to an exclusive tax on tea
Lexington and Concord 1st unofficial military engagement of the Revolutionary War
Bunker Hill illustrated the resolve of the colonists to fight the British and win
Saratoga victory that brought about French alliance with the colonists
Yorktown secured colonial victory and independence
2nd Continental Congress representatives such as Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and Samuel Adams who managed the affairs of the colonies during the Revolutionary War
Olive Branch Petition conciliatory response reiterating colonists continued loyalty to King George
Declaration of Independence document written by Jefferson outline colonial grievances and declaring independence
Treaty of Paris signed agreement between Britain and the 13 colonies declaring their independence
Articles of Confederation prohibited Congress from taxing
Constitution national government that balances federal power and establishes equality under the law
Land Ordinance of 1785 surveyed lands in the newly acquired western territory
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 divided surveyed land into towns and set procedures for new states to be admitted to the US
Bill of Rights document listing protected civil rights
Three-fifths Compromise increased southern representation in House of Representative
Great Compromise bicameral legislature
Antifederalists political leaders who feared strong national government
1st Amendment freedom of speech
2nd Amendment bear arms
Created by: SEarCH13-14