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Road to Revolution

US History

QuestionAnswer
Who fought in the French and Indian War? British and French and their Native American allies.
Why did the French and Indian War begin? The French had established a fur trade in the Ohio River Valley. As English colonists arrived in the area, French feared losing control of the rivers that linked Canadian and Louisiana settlements.
Who won the French and Indian War? The British
To avoid further conflicts between English colonists and Native Americans, what "order" did the British issue? The Proclamation of 1763 which forbid colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains. Colonists became very angry because they thought they had won the right to settle in the Ohio River Valley.
What are the Navigation Acts? A series of provisions designed to ensure that England made money from colonial trade. It reinforced the concept of mercantilism and further tied the colonies to England. Colonists were angry and ignored the acts. Some began smuggling items.
Who was King George III? The king that ruled during the American Revolution.
Why did Parliament pass the Quartering Act? King George decided to keep soldiers in the colonies to enforce the Proclamation of 1763. Housing troops was very expensive, so the act stated that colonists were required to house all British soldiers.
Loyalist Those loyal to the king. Tories
Patriots Those who were against the king.
Stamp Act A tax law passed that required an official stamp on all paper and legal documents.
Tea Act An act requiring that tea could only be purchased from the East India Tea Company (a British owned company).
mercantilism Enforced by the Navigation Acts and stated that the colonies could only trade with England. Meant to balance English treasury through imports and exports.
Proclamation of 1763 An act passed by Parliament that stated colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Sugar Act Tax on molasses and other imports.
Boston Tea Party A rebellion in which tea was dumped into the Boston Harbor to protest the East India Tea Company.
Townshend Acts Tax laws on paper, paint, lead, and tea.
Quartering Act A law requiring colonists to feed and house British soldiers.
Intolerable Acts Passed by Parliament in response to the Boston Tea Party. Closed Boston's Harbor and restricted trade. British soldiers were not subject to colonial law and were removed to England to stand trial.
John Adams Patriot. Defended soldiers involved in Boston Massacre.
Sam Adams Head of Sons of Liberty
Created by: lstreeby