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Ch. 9 Vocabulary


Common law System of law that is the same for all people, based on court decisions that have become accepted legal principles
Jury group of people sworn to make a decision in a legal case
Lay investiture Creation of bishops by anyone who is not a member of the clergy
Annul cancel or invalidate
Crusade holy war
schism permanent division in the church
Levy collect
Religious toleration policy of allowing people to worship as they choose
Scholasticism in medieval Europe, school of thought that used logic and reason to support Christian belief
Vernacular everyday language of ordinary people
Epic long, narrative poem.
Flying butress stone support on the outside of a building that allowed builders to construct higher walls and leaves space for large stained-glass windows
Illumination artistic decoration in books
Epidemic outbreak of a rapidly spreading disease
Inflation economic cycle that involves a rapid rise in prices linked to a sharp increase in the amount of money available
Longbow six-foot-long bow that could rapidly fire arrows with enough force to pierce most armor
Exchequer Treasury