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Chapter 15 Vocab US

Vocab

TermDefinition
unconditional surrender giving up completely without any concessions
saturation bombing inflict maximum damage with massive amount of bombing
strategic bombing destroy Germany's capacity to make war
Tuskegee Airmen escorting bombers and protecting them from enemy fighter pilots
Battle of Midway turning point of the war in the Pacific, ending seemingly unstoppable Japanese advace
Executive Order 8802 measure assured fair hiring practices in any job funded with government money and established the Fair Employment Practices Committee to enforce these requirements
bracero program bringing laborers from Mexico to work on American farms
internment temporary imprisonment of members of a specific group
Korematsu v. United States Supreme Court upheld the governments wartime internment poilicy
442nd Regimental Combat Team fought in the Italian campaign and became the most decorated military unit in American history
rationing Americans were issued coupon books that limited the amount of certain goods, such as butter and tires, that they could buy.
OWI (Office of War Information) worked closely with the media to encourage support of the war effort
D-Day Allies hit Germany in force
Battle of the Bulge counterattack of Germany almost succeded
island hopping capturing some Japanese-held islands and ignoring others in a steady path toward Japan
kamikaze pilots deliberately crashed their planes into American ships
Manhattan Project cost several billion dollars and employed tens of thousands of people
Holocaust the Nazi attempt to kill all Jews under their control
anti-Semitism Hitler blamed Jews for all the ills of Germany, from communism to inflation to abstract painting
Nuremberg Laws denied German citizenship to Jews, banned marriage between Jews and non-Jews, and segregated Jews at every level of society.
Kristallnacht "Night of Broken Glass", After a Jewish refugee killed a German diplomat in Paris, Nazi officials ordered attacks on Jews in Germany
genocide willful annihilation of a racial, political, or cultural group
concentration camp where members of specially designated groups were confined
death camp prisoners were systematically exterminated
War Refugee Board worked with the Red Cross to save thousands of Eastern European Jews, especially in Romania and Hungary,
Yalta Conference the Big Three agreed that Poland, Bulgaria, and Romania would would hold free elections
superpower countries that dominated the postwar world
GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) a 1948 treaty designed to expand world trade by reducing tariffs
United Nations organization that many hoped would succeed where the League of Nations had failed
Universal Declaration of Human Rights condemns slavery and torture, upholds freedom of speech and religion, and affirms that "everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family
Geneva Convention international agreement governing the human treatment of wounded soldiers and prisoners of war
Nuremberg Trials Allies prosecuted Nazis for war crimes
Created by: Lugano