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chapter 15 vocab

TermDefinition
1.unconditional surrender is a surrender without conditions, in which no guarantees are given to the surrendering party.
2.saturation bombing an extensive and systematic bombing intended to devastate a large target
3.strategic bombing is a military strategy used in a total war with the goal of defeating the enemy by destroying its economic ability and public will to wage war rather than destroying its land or naval forces.
4.tuskegee airmen is the popular name of a group of African-American pilots who fought in World War II.
5.Battle of Midway American planes based on land and on carriers decisively defeated a Japanese fleet on its way to invade the Midway Islands
6.Executive Order 8802 to prohibit racial discrimination in the national defense industry
7.bracero program was a series of laws and diplomatic agreements,
8.interment the burial of a corpse in a grave or tomb, typically with funeral rites
9.Korematsu V. united states was a landmark United States Supreme Court case concerning the constitutionality of Executive Order 9066
10.442nd Regimental ombat was a regimental size fighting unit composed almost entirely of American soldiers of Japanese descent who fought in World War II
11.rationing allow each person to have only a fixed amount of (a particular commodity).
12.OWL was a U.S. government agency created during World War II to consolidate government information services
13.D-day the day (June 6, 1944) in World War II on which Allied forces invaded northern France by means of beach landings in Normandy.
14.Battle of the bulge a battle during World War II,at Ardennes and caught the Allies by surprise
15.Island hopping travel from one island to another
16.Kamikaze a Japanese aircraft loaded with explosives and making a deliberate suicidal crash on an enemy target.
17.Manhattan Project a former United States executive agency that was responsible for developing atomic bombs during World War II
18.Holocaust destruction or slaughter on a mass scale, esp. caused by fire or nuclear war.
19.anti-semitism hostility to or prejudice against Jews
20.Nuremberg laws were antisemitic laws in Nazi Germany introduced at the annual Nuremberg Rally of the Nazi Party
21.Kristallnacht was a pogrom against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria on 9–10 November 1938
22.genocide the deliberate killing of a large group of people, esp. those of a particular ethnic group or nation.
23.concentration camp a place where large numbers of people, esp. political prisoners or members of persecuted minorities, are deliberately imprisoned in a relatively small area with inadequate facilities
24.death camp a prison camp, esp. one for political prisoners or prisoners of war
25.War Refugee board was a U.S. executive agency created to aid civilian victims of the Nazi and Axis powers.
26.Yalta Conference a conference held in Yalta in February 1945 where Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill planned the final stages of World War II and agreed to the territorial division of Europe
27.General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) a United Nations agency created by a multinational treaty to promote trade by the reduction of tariffs and import quotas
28.United Nations (UN) an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
29.Universal Declaration of Human Rights s a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1948 at Palais de Chaillot, Pari
30.Geneva Convention an agreement first drawn up in Geneva in 1864 and later revised concerning the treatment of captured and wounded military personnel and civilians in wartime
31.nuremberg Trails were a series of military tribunals, held by the Allied forces of World War II, most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership
32.superpower a very powerful and influential nation
Created by: christina19