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Chapter 8 Vocabulary

US History

TermDefinition
Wilderness Road the trial into Kentucky that woodsman Daniel Boone helped to build
republic government which people elect representatives to govern for them
Articles of Confederation outlined the form of government of the new United States
Land Ordinance of 1785 established plan that controlled the land west of the Appalachian Mts.
Northwest Territory territory covered by the Land Ordinance of 1785
Northwest Ordinance described how the Northwest Territory was to be governed
Shays's Rebellion an uprising of Massachusetts debtors farmers in 1787
Constitutional Convention a meeting held in 177 to consider changes to the Articles of Confederation; resulted in the drafting of the Constitution
James Madison ablest delegate who attended the Constitutional Convention
Virginia Plan proposed a government with 3 branches and a two-house legislature in which representation would be based on a state's population or wealth
New Jersey Plan proposed a government with a one-house legislature in which each state would have one vote
Great Compromise Constitutional Convention's agreement to establish a two-house national legislature, with all states having equal representation in one house and each state having representation based on its population
Three-Fifths Compromise Constitutional Convention's agreement to count three-fifths of a state's slaves as population for purposes of representation and taxation
federalism system of government where power is shared among the central or (federal) government and the states
Federalists supporters of the Constitution
Antifederalists a person who opposed the ratification of the US Constitution
Federalists papers a series of essays defending and explaining the Constitution
George Mason perhaps the most influential Virginian besides Washington, also opposed to ratification
Bill of Rights first ten amendments to the US constitution
Created by: s0205202