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ch.14-15

TermDefinition
totalitarianism a theory of government in which a single party or leader controls the economic social and cultural lives of its people
anti- Semitic hating jews
Spanish civil war nationalist forces lead by general fracisco franko rebelled against the democratic republican government of spain
Anchluss union of germany and austria in 1933
appeasment policy of granting concessions in order to keep peace
Munich Pact agreement made between germany italy great britain and france in 1938 that sacrificed the sudetenland to preserve peace.
blitzkrieg also known as the lightening war, that emphasized the use of speed and fire power to penetrate deep into the enemies terretory
allies group of countries lead by britain france and the us, and the soviet union that fought axis powers in ww2
Axis powers group of countries lead by germany, italy and japan that fought the allies in ww2
Neutrality Act of 1939 act that allowed nations at war to buy goods and arms in the us if they paid cash and carried the merchandice on their own ships
Tripartite Pact agreement that created an alliance between germany italy and japan during ww2.
Lend-Lease Act act passed in 1941 that allowed president roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any country whos defense he had considered vital to the safty of the united states
Atlantic Charter a joint declaration made in august 1941 by great Britain and the us during ww2 that endorsed national self determination and the international system of general security.
Pearl Harbor american military based attacked by the japanese on december 7 1941
(WAC)Womens Army Core us army group established during ww2 so that women could serve in non-combat roles.
Bataan Death March during ww2 the forced march of american and Philippeno prisoners of war under brutal conditions by the Japanese military
Battle or Coral Sea ww2 battle that took place between Japanese and american aircraft carriers
Unconditional surrender giving up completely without any concessions
saturation bombing tactic of dropping massive amount of bombs in order to inflict maximum amount of damage
strategic bombing tactic of dropping bombs on key polictical and industrial targets
Tuskegee Airmen african american squadron that escorted bombers in the air war over europe in ww2
Battle of midway turning point of ww2 in the pacific in which the japanese advance was stopped.
Executive order 8802 ww2 measure that assured fair hiring practices in any job funded by the government
Brancero program plan that brought laborers from mexico to work on american farms
internment temporary imprisonment of members of a specific group
Koremastsu v. United states the supreme court upheld the governments wartime interment policy.
442nd Regimental
rationing government-controlled limits on the amounts of certain goods that the civilians could by during war time
OWI Office of war information government agency that encouraged support for the war effort in ww2
D-Day June 6, 1944 the day allies landed on the beaches of normandy france
Battle of the Bulge december 1944 hitler ordered a counter attack on allied troops in belgium but it crippled germany by using up reserves and demoralizing its troops
island hopping ww2 strategy that involved seixing selected japanses held islands in the pacific while by passing others
Kamikaze japanses pilots who deliberately crashed planes into american ships in ww2.
Manhattan Project code name of the project that developed the atomic bomb
Holocaust name now used to describe the systematic murder of jews by the nazis
anti-semitism prejudice and discrimination against Jewish people
Nuremberg Laws law enacted by hitler that denied citizenship to jews
Kristallnacht night of the broken glass organized attacks on jewish communities in germany on november 9, 1938
genocide willfull annihilation of a racial, political, or cultural group.
concentration camp camps used by the nazis to imprison undesirable memvber of society.
death camp nazi camp designed for the extermination of prisoners
War Refugee Board us government agency founded in 1944 to sae eastern European jews
Yalta Conference 1945 stragety meeting between Roosevelt churchhill and stalin
superpower Powerful country that plays dominate economic political and military role in the world
GATT internation agreement first signed in 1947 aimed at lowering trade barriers
united nations organization founded in 1945 to promote peace
Universal declaration of human rights document issued by the united nations to promte basic human rights and freedoms
Geneva convention international agreement governing the humane treatment of wounded soliders and prisoners of war
Nuremberg trials trials in which nazi leader were charged with war crimes
Combat Team
Created by: lexi.arterburn