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Chapter 14 & 15

TermDefinition
totalitarianism a theory of government in which a single party or leader controls the economic, social, and cultural lives of its people.
anti-Semitic prejudice and discrimination against Jewish people.
Spanish Civil War Nationalist forces led by General Francisco Franco rebelled against the democratic Republican government of Spain.
appeasement policy of granting concessions in order to keep the peace.
Anchluss union of Germany and Austria in 1933.
Munich Pact agreement made between Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France in 1938 that sacrificed the Sudetenland to preserve peace.
blitzkrieg fast pace war, speed of fire power.
Axis Powers group of countries led by Germany, Italy, and Japan that fought the Allies in World War 2.
Allies group of countries led by Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union that fought the Axis Powers in World War 2.
Neutrality Act of 1939 act that allowed nations at war to buy goods and arms in the United States if they paid cash and carried the merchandise on their own ships.
Tripartite Pact agreement that created an alliance between Germany, Italy, Japan during World War 2.
Lend-Lease Act act passed in 1941 that allowed President Roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any country that helped the United States.
Atlantic Charter a joint declaration made in August 1941 by Great Britain and the United States during World War 2, that endorsed national self-determination and an international system of general security.
Pearl Harbor American military base attacked by the Japanese on December 7, 1941.
WAC U.S. American group established during World War 2 so that women could serve in noncombat roles.
Bataan Death March the forced march American and Filipino prisoners of war under brutal conditions by the Japanese military.
Battle of Coral Sea WW2 battle that took place between Japanese and American aircraft carriers.
unconditional surrender giving up completely without any concessions.
strategic bombing tactic of dropping bombs on key political and industrial targets.
Tuskegee Airmen African Americans squadron that escorted bombers.
Battle of Midway turning point in WW2 in the Pacific, in which Japanese advance was stopped.
Executive Order 8802 WW2 measure that assured fair hiring practices in any job funded by the government.
bracero program plan that brought laborers from Mexico to work on American farms.
internment temporary imprisonment of members of a specific group.
Korematsu v. United States court upheld the government wartime internment policy between Japanese and Americans.
442nd Regimental Combat Team fought in the Italian campaign and became the most decorated military unit in American history.
rationing government-controlled limits on the amount of certain goods that civilians could buy during wartime.
OWI government agency that encouraged support of the war effort during WW2.
D-Day June 6, 1944 the day Allies landed on the beaches of Normandy, France.
Battle of the Buldge December 1944, Hitler ordered a counter attack on Allied troops in Belgium.
island hopping WW2 strategy that involved seizing selected Japanese-held islands in the Pacific While bypassing others.
kamikaze Japanese pilots who deliberately crashed planes into American ships during WW2.
Manhattan Project code name for the project that developed the atomic bomb.
Holocaust the systematic murder of Jews by the Nazis.
anti-semitism prejudice and discrimination against Jewish people.
Nuremberg Laws laws enacted by Hitler that denied German citizenship to Jews.
Kristallnacht organized attacks on Jewish communities in Germany on November 9, 1938.
genocide willful annihilation of racial, political, or cultural group.
concentration camp places where they keep the Jews and torture them.
death camp Nazi camp designed for the extermination for prisoners.
War Refugee Board U.S. government agency founded in 1944 to save Eastern European Jews.
Yalta Conference 1945 strategy meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin.
superpower powerful country that plays a dominant economic, political, and military role in the world.
GATT international agreement first signed in 1947 aimed at lowering trade barriers.
United Nations organization founded in 1945 to promote peace.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights document issued by the UN to promote basic human rights and freedoms.
Geneva Convention international agreement governing the humane treatment of wounded soldiers and prisoners of war.
Nuremberg Trials trials in which Nazi leaders were charged with war crimes.
saturation bombing dropping massive bombs to have destruction.
Created by: tooham10