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Chapter 14 &15 Vocab

TermDefinition
totalitarianism theory of government which a single party or leader control the economic, social, and cultural lives if its people
anti-Semitic prejudice and discrimination aganist Jewish people
Spanish Civil War led by General Francisco Franco rebelled against the democratic Republican government of Spain
appeasement policy of granting concessions in order to keep the peace
Anschluss union of Germany and Austria in 1933
Munich Pact agreement made between Germany, Italy, Great Britain, and France in 1938 that sacrificed the Sudetenland to preserve peace
blitzkrieg the use of speed and firepower to penetrate deep into the enemy's territory
Axis Power group of countries led by Germany, Italy, and Japan that fought the Allies in WWII
Allies group of countries led by Britain, France, the U.S., and the Soviet Union that fought the Axis Powers in WWII
Neutrality Act of 1939 act that allowed nations at war to buy goods and arms in the United States if they paid cash and carried the merchandise on their on ship
Tripartite Pact agreement that created an alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan during WWII
Lend-Lease Act act passed in 1941 that allowed President Roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any country whose defense he considered vital to the safety of the U.S.
Atlantic Charter a joint declaration that endorsed national self-determination and an international system of general security
Pearl Harbor American military base attacked by the Japanese on December 7, 1941
WAC U.S. Army group established during WWII so that women could serve on noncombat roles
Bataan Death March the forced march of Americans and Filipino prisoners of war under brutal conditions by the Japanese military
Battle of Coral Sea battle that took place between Japanese and American aircraft carries
unconditional surrender giving up completely without any concession
saturation bombing tactic of dropping massive amounts of bombs in order to inflict max damage
Tuskegee Airmen African American squadron that escorted bombers in the air war over Europe
Battle of Midway Japanese was stopped in the Pacific
Executive Order 8802 measure that assured fair hiring practices in any job funded by the government
bracero program plan that brought laborers from Mexico to work on American farms
internment temporary imprisonment of members of specific groups
Korematsu v. United States Japanese American want to get there rights
442nd Regimental Combat Team fought in the Italian campaign and became the most decorated military in American History
OWI government agency that encouraged support of the war effort in WWII
D-Day June 6, 1944 the Allies landed on beaches of Normandy, France
Battle of the Bulge counterattack on Allied troops in Belgium
island hopping strategy that involved seizing selected Japanese held island in the Pacific
kamikaze Japanese pilots who deliberately crashed plans into American ships during WWII
Manhattan Project code name of a project that developed the atomic bomb
Holocaust describe the systematic murder of the Jews by the Nazis
anti-Semitism discrimination against Jewish people
Nuremberg Laws laws that denied German citizenship
Kristallnacht "Night of Broken Glass: attacks on the Jewish communities in Germany
genocide willful annihilation of a racial, political, or cultural group
concentration camp camp use to imprison members of society
death camp Nazi camp designed for the extermination of prisoners
War Refugee Board U.S. government agency that saved Jews
Yalta Conference 1945 meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin
superpower powerful countries that plays a dominant economic, political, military
GATT signed to lower trade barriers
United Nations founded in 1945 to promote peace
Universal Declaration of Human Rights promote basic human rights and freedom
Geneva Convention governing the humane treatment of wounded soldiers and prisoners of war
Nuremberg Trials Nazi leaders were charged with war crimes
rationing government controlled limits on the amount of goods that civlilians could buy during wartime
strategic bombing tactic of dropping bombs on key political and industrial targets
Created by: jarekboyd