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Chapter 15

TermDefinition
1)Unconditional surrender giving up completely without ant concessions
2)saturation bombing tactic of dropping massive amounts of bombs in order to inflict maximum damage
3)strategic bombing tactic of dropping bombs on key political and industrial targets
4)Tuskegee Airman African American Squadron that escorted bombers in the air war over Europe during WW2
5)Battle of midway turning point in WW2 in the pacific in which the Japanese advance was stopped
6)Executive Order 8802 WW2 measure that assured fair hiring practices in any job funded by the gov't
7)bracero program bringing labors from Mexico to work on American farms
8)internment temporary imprisonment or members of a specific group
9)Korematsu v. U.S. the supreme Court upheld the gov't wartime internment policy
10)442nd Regimental Combat Team fought in the Italian campaign and became the most decorated military unit in American history
11)Rationing gov't controlled limits on the amount of certain goods that the people could buy during wartime
12)Office of war info(OWI) gov't agency that encouraged support of the war time effort during WW2
13)D-Day June 6,1944 the day allies landed on the beaches of Normandy, France
14)Battle of the Bulge in dec.1944 Hitler ordered a counterattack on Allied troops in Belgium
15)island hopping WW2 strategy that involved seizing selected Japanese-held island in the Pacific while bypassing others
16)kamikaze Japanese pilots who deliberately crashed in to American ships during WW2
17)Manhattan Project code name of the project that developed the atomic bomb
18)Holocaust Nazi attempt to kill all Jews under his control
19)Anti-Semitism prejudice and discrimination against Jewish people
20)Nuremberg Laws laws enacted by Hitler that denied German citizenship of Jews
21)Kristallnacht "Night of Broken Glass" organized attacks on Jewish communities in Germany on Nov 9,1938
22)genocide willful annihilation of a racial, political or cultural group
23)Concentration Camps members of specially designed groups were confined
24)death camps where prisoners were systematically exterminated
25)War Refugee Board worked with the red cross to save thousands of eastern European Jews , especially in Romania and Hungary
26)Yalta Conference 1945 strategy meeting between Roosevelt , Churchill and Stalin
27)superpower powerful country that plays a dominant economic, political and military role in the world
28)General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) a 1948 treaty designed to expand world trade by reducing tariffs
29)United Nations organization founded in 1945 to promote peace
30)Universal Declaration of Human Rights document issued by the UN too promote basic human rights and freedom
31)Geneva Convention an international agreement governing the humane treatment of wounded soldiers and prisoners of war
32)Nuremberg trials in which the allies prosecuted Nazis for war crimes
Created by: vida_girl96