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ChapterOne

Business Information Systems in Your Career

QuestionAnswer
An abstraction of what an enterprise is and how the enterprise delivers a product or service, showing how the enterprise creates wealth. Business model
The unique ways in which organizations coordinate and organize work activities, information, and knowledge to produce a product or service. Business processes
Giving proper consideration to the impact of organizational change associated with a new system or alteration of an existing system. Change management
Physical equipment use dfor input, processing, and output activities in an information system. Computer hardware
Knowledge about information technology, focusing on understanding how computer-based technologies work. Computer literacy
Detailed, preprogrammed instructions that control and coordinate the work of computer hardware components in an information system. Computer software
Sustained suspention of judgement with an awareness of multiple perspectives and alternatives. Critical Thinking
Fundamnental set of assumptions, values, and ways of doing things that has been accepted by most members of an organization. Culture
Streams of raw facts representing events occuring in organizations or the physical environment before they have been organized and arranged into a form that people can understand and use. Data
The software that governs the organization of data on physical storage media. Data management technology
Private intranets that are accessible to authorixed outsiders. Extranets
Output that is returned to the appropriate members of the organization to help them evaluate or correct input. Feedback
Data that have been shaped into a form that is meaningful and useful to human beings. Information
Interrelated components working together to collect, process, store, and disseminate information to support decision making, coordination, control, analysis, and visualization in an organization. Information system (IS)
Broad-based understanding of information systems that includes behavioral knowledge about organizations and individuals using information systems as well as technical knowledge about computers. Information systems literacy
Computer hardware, software, data, storage technology, and networks providing a portfolio of shared IT resources for the organization. Information technology (IT) infrastructure
The capture or collection of raw data from within the organization or from its external environment for processing in an information system. Input
Global network of networks using universal standards to connect millions of different networks. Internet
Internal networks based on Internet and World Wide Web technology and standards. Intranets
The study of information systems focusing on their use in business and management. Management information systems (MIS)
The linking of two or more computers to share data or resources, such as printer. Network
Physical devices and software that link various pieces of hardware and transfer data from one physical location to another. Networking and telecommunications technology
The distribution of processed information to the people who will use it or to the activities for which it will be used. Output
The conversion, manipulation, and analysis of raw input into a form that is more meaningful to humans. Processing
A system with universally accepted standards for storing, retrieving, formatting, and displaying information in a networked environment. World Wide Web
Why are businesses investing so much in information systems and technologies? They do to achieve important business objectives: operational excellence; new products, services, and business models; customer and supplier intimacy; improved decision making; competitive advantage; survival.
Information systems are more than just computers It involves technology, people and organizations.
Functions of an information system? IS contains information about an organization and its surrounding environment. Three basic activities: input, processing, and output.
Model of the problem solving process? Problem identification-->solution design-->solution evaluation and choice--> implementation. Feedback occurs at all levels.
What careers will IS affect? Accounting, Finance, Marketing, Operation Management, Management, Information Systems, Outsourcing and offshoring.
Created by: TroyIS3310