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SS Chpt 3-5th grade

European Explorers

TermDefinition
Eric the Red Viking Explorer. Discovered Greenland after he was kicked out of Iceland
Greenland very cold, Eric the Red called it Greenland because he wanted Icelanders to come/wanted them to think it was a good place to settle.
Vikings Skilled sailors/explorers from Scandanavia. Left the area we now call Newfoundland because there were conflicts with the American Indians living there
Leif Ericsson Eric the Red's son. Explorer who landed on NewFoundland on the east coast of what is today Canada.
Vinland "Land of Wine" Leif Ericsson's men found grapes on the land so they called it "Vinland."
sagas Long, spoken tales passed on from one generation to the next
Renaissance Period in Europe around 1350 where people wanted to learn about the arts, sciences and other parts of the world
Johann Gutenberg inventor of the printing press
Portuguese They benefitted from exploring the coast of Africa because they brought home gold and slaves
Prince Henry prince who was known for his navigation, in the 1420s, he developed a new trade route in Asia
navigation science used by sailors to plot their course and determine their location
Bartolomeu Dias explorer who sailed down during a storm where his ships were blown around the southern tip of Africa into the Indian Ocean
Cape of Good Hope tip of South Africa, also called "Cape of Storms" Renamed by the king of Portugal; the name showed the Portuguese hope for sea routes to Asia.
Vasco da Gama Portuguese explorer that sailed to India in 1497
parallel time lines two or more time lines grouped together
magnetic compass Chinese invention that aided navigation by showing which direction was north
slave trade Buying and selling of human beings
Marco Polo Italian merchant who traveled to China to bring back goods. His journey affected Europe and Asia because they wanted to know more about each other.
Kublai Khan Emperor of the Chinese empire
Mansa Musa Ruler of an African trade city named Mali known for his immense wealth, went on a pilgrimage to Mecca which strengthened trade ties between Mali and Muslim nations
Venice a trading city in Italy
Shangdu In China, Kublai Khan lived there
emperor ruler of the empire
Silk Road connected China and other lands; network of land and sea routes for trading
Zheng He Chinese explorer that traveled and helped trade and exploration to help show Chinese power. The result of his voyage was that demand for Chinese goods increased.
Sahara desert desert in Africa home to many trading kingdoms
caravan group of traders traveling together; early trade caravans in Africa traveled southward across the Sahara, caravans were used to bring goods to and from the lands of West Africa
Ghana earliest kingdom in African; also known as the land of gold. But Ghana lacked an important resource - salt, which made them trade their gold with other kingdoms
Timbuktu city in Africa where Arab trades bargained to get the best price for their salt in gold.
Mali kingdom in Africa who controlled more land than Ghana. known for trading. Became wealthy after Ghana. Reached its peak as an empire under the rule of Mansa Musa.
pilgrimage journey made for religious purposes
Mecca a city in the Arabian peninsula that is holy to Muslims
Songhai another trading kingdom in West Africa, became wealthy after Ghana
astrolabe an instrument that helped sailors use the sun and stars to find their location in latitude-their distance from the equator.
Effects of Trade People learned about other cultures,; people share goods and ideas with others in different countries; people became interested in others and their customs
Cloth and Horses What the Europeans brought to trade in North America
European Ocean Trade Route formed a lasting contact between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres
Calcutta, India Portuguese merchants settled here and bought spices at low prices and shipped them back to Europe
Camel Known as "Ship of the desert" because the desert is like an ocean and sand dunes can be compared to ocean waves. The camel was used for transportation across the desert much like a ship is used for transportaion across the ocean.
Printing Press very important invention because previous to this, books were written by hand, so this made books easier to print, more available and less expensive. So this allowed ideas and knowledge to be spread faster.
Created by: oberholzerfam
 

 



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