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the renaissance

renaissance and reformation

renaissance Rebirth in art, writing, architecture, learning, and culture.
patrons those who financially supported the arts.
humanism intellectual movement that focused on human potential and achievements.
perspective technique which shows three dimensions on a flat surface through use of a vanishing point
varnacular native language
utopia An ideal place as depicted in Thomas More’s Utopia.
sonnet 14 line poems
reformation Religious movement begun by Martin Luther which led to the founding of Christian churches that did not accept the pope’s authority.
heretic one who dissents from an accepted belief or doctrine
indulgence A pardon which, when purchased, released a sinner from performing the penalty that a priest imposed for sins
clergy Different ranks of Church leaders including priests, bishops, cardinals, and the Pope.
lutherans Followers of Martin Luther who separated from the Catholic Church
secular worldly
protestant From the princes that protested the Catholic Church. Applied to Christians who belonged to non-Catholic Churches.
annul to set aside a marriage as if it never took place
anglican Protestant church created by Queen Elizabeth I of England in 1559.
predestination God knows from the beginning who will be saved (go to heaven). Salvation cannot be earned.
calvinism Ideas of John Calvin who wrote that men and women are sinful by nature and that God chooses a very few people to save and uses predestination.
theocracy a government controlled by religious leaders
presbyterians Followers of John Knox who took Calvin’s ideas to Scotland; each community church was governed by a group of layman called presbyters.
anabaptists Protestant group who baptized only those who were old enough to decide to be Christian.
catholic reformation Following the Protestant Reformation, it was a movement within the Catholic Church to reform itself. Also known as the Counter Revolution.
jesuits Members of the Society of Jesus which was created by the pope in 1540 for the followers of Ignatius who sought to help bring people back to Catholicism during the Catholic Reformation.
Created by: makenzi