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TT #7

APUSH terms

TermDefinition
National Road (Cumberland) begun in 1811 and finished in 1818, this was the first national road and the first road to lead to the West. It ran from Maryland to West Virginia and was eventually extended to Illinois.
Commercial Convention 1815 agreed that US ships would be able to trade in all parts of the British Empire except the West Indies
Second US Bank 1816 bank formed by James Monroe but was mismanaged, bank formed the basis of one of the issues in the election of 1832. Clay wanted it rechartered, but Jackson vetoed the bank charter and won his second term
Bonus Bill of 1816 would have allotted 1.5 mil for internal improvements when the US gov't chartered the second US bank
Tariff of 1816 created as a response to British flood of cheap priced goods into the US market. New England pressured the US gov't to place a protective tariff that would shelter its infant industries. In retaliation, England raised her tariffs on Southern exports
Henry Clay Clay supported a protective tariff that would pay for roads and canals to link the US together. Also wanted to build the Maysville Road between Virginia and Kentucky
Daniel Webster presidential candidate from Mass in election of 1824, but dropped out of race to allow John Quincy Adams the majority in New England, also debated Robert Hayne on states rights and federalism. Opposed the high duties of the tariff of 1816
Rush- Bagot Agreement 1818 agreement between US and England which demilitarized the Great Lakes region and lessened the tension between US and Canada
Boundaries Convention 1818 representatives at this convention agreed on the 49th parallel as the Canadian-American border between Great Lakes and the Rockies
Fisheries Convention 1818 right of Americans to fish in Canadian waters was acknowledged at this convention
Convention of 1818 (anglo-american treaty) settled dispute over northern border of louisiana and allowed joint occupancy of Oregon for 10 years
Adams-Onis Treaty 1819 (Florida Purchase) John Q Adams convinced Spain to sell East Florida to the US for 5 mil
Panic of 1819 first depression of the US, other depressions were to follow in approximately 20 year intervals. Depression began when Second US bank attempted to stop inflation by collecting currency from state banks that were too reckless in loaning to speculaters
Line of 1819 line defined the boundary between western Louisiana and Spanish territory. US gave up their claim to Texas, and Spain dropped its claim to Oregon Territory after this agreement,
James Monroe was president during the "Era of Good Feelings" & during the panic of 1819. Accepted Adams' proposal, the Monroe Doctrine, to make a declaration to Europe that forbade European intervenion in Western hemisphere
Era of Good Feelings era full of tranquility and prosperity. began after the war of 1812 and lasted until the panic of 1819. Sound economy & US was politically united behind Demo-Repub Party
Missouri Compromise 1820 congressman Jessie Thomas wrote this and Henry Clay presented it. Allowed Missouri to come into the Union in 1820 as a slave state if Maine came in as a free state
John Q Adams Secretary of State under James Monroe and later became President in the election of 1824. also author of the Monroe Doctrine and founder of National Republicans
George Canning foreign minister of england who proposed a joint declaration with the US that would deny any European countries the right to intervene in South America.
Monroe Doctrine 1823 Written by John Adams, stated Europeans could not intervene in the Western Hemisphere. US would not interfere with existing European colonies and wars. If Europe intervened, the US would interpret this as dangerous
Russo-American treaty 1824 Russia dropped her claim Oregon because America supplied Russia's Alaskan territories with much needed equipment & supplies ,
Election of 1824 6 demo-republicans ran for the presidency. 2 of them dropped out, another had a stroke, and three remaining did not have a majority so the decision went to House of Representatives. John Adams won the presidency because of the corrupt bargain w/ Clay
Clay's American system Elaborate scheme in 1824 that would raise a protective tariff, allowing eastern manufacturing to flourish. Provide funds for roads and canals which would be used to link the nation
Corrupt Bargain 1824 John Adams won presidency by appointing Henry clay as Secretary of State , clay placed all his support behind Adams in the houses. Deal split party in 2 Jackson (demo) Adams (republican)
Tariff of abominations 1828 Federal government reduced protective tariff of 1816 but South Carolina wanted the tariff lowered to before 1816 rate. Led to confrontation between fed gov't and SC & almost led to civil war
South Carolina exposition and protest 1828 Said a state could order a law void, if it thought that congress was overstepping it's authority, written by john c calhoun
John C Calhoun Candidate from South Carolina in election of 1824 but later dropped and became Vice President.
Created by: brittanymcanulty