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Bemidji HS-Civics

Civics Chapter3

constitution a detailed written plan for government
bicameral a legislature consisting of two parts, or houses
confederation a group of individuals or state governments
Articles of Confederation the first constitution of the United States
ratify to vote approval of
ordinance a law, usually of a city or county
Ordinance of 1785 a law that set up a plan for surveying western lands
Northwest Ordinance 1787 law that set up a government for the Northwest Territory and a plan for admitting new states to the Union
Shay's Rebellion an uprising of Massachusetts farmers who did not want to lose their farms because of debt caused by heavy state taxes after the American Revolution
Constitutional Convention meetings of state delegates in 1787 leading to adoption of a new Constitution
Great Compromise agreement providing a dual system of congressional representation
Three-Fifths Compromise agreement providing that enslaved persons would count as three-fifths of other persons in determining representation in Congress
Electoral College a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
Federalist a supporter of the Constitution
federalism a form of government in which power is divided between the federal, or national, government and the states
The Federalist Papers a series of essays written to defend the Constitution
Anti-Federalist a person who opposed ratification of the Constitution
Preamble the opening section of the Constitution
article one of several main parts of the Constitution
amendment any change in the Constitution
legislative branch the lawmaking branch of government
executive branch the branch of government that carries out laws
judicial branch the branch of government that interprets law
popular sovereignty the idea that power lies with the people
limited government a government that can do only what the people allow it to do
rule of law the principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern
separation of powers the split authority among the legislative, executive and judicial branches
check and balances a system in which each branch of government is able to check, or restrain, the power of the others
enumerated powers powers directly granted to the national government by the constitution
reserved powers powers the Constitution does not give to the federal government; powers set aside for the states
concurrent powers powers shared by the state and federal governments
supremacy clause a clause stating that the Constitution and other laws and treaties made by the national government are "the supreme Law of the Land"
Created by: enjoy22