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Ch. 15

Chapter 15

TermDefinition
1. unconditional surrender giving up completely without any concessions
2. saturation bombing tactic of dropping massive amounts of bombs in order to inflict maximum damage
3. strategies bombing tactic of dropping bombs on key political and industrial targets
4. Battle of Midway turning point of World War II in the Pacific, in which the Japanese advance was stopped
5. Executive Order 8802 World War II measure that assured fair hiring practices in any job funded by the government
6. bracero program plan that brought laborers from Mexico to work on American farms
7. internment temporary imprisonment of member of a specific group
8. Korematsu v. United States 1944, the Supreme Court upheld the government's wartime interment policy
9. 442nd Regimental Combat Team fought in the Italian campaign and became the most decorated military unit in the American history
10. rationing government-controlled limits on the amount of certain goods that civilians could buy during wartime
11. Office of War Information (OWI) government agency that encouraged support of the war effort during World War II
12. D-Day June 6, 1944, the day Allies landed on the beaches of Normandy, France
13. Battle of the Bulge in December 1944, Hitler ordered a counterattack on Allied troops in Belgium, but it crippled Germany by using up reserves and demoralizing its troops
14. island hopping World War II strategy that involved seizing selected Japanese-held islands in the Pacific while bypassing others
15. kamikaze Japanese pilots who deliberately crashed planes into American ships during World War II
16. Manhattan Project code name of the project that developed the atomic bomb
17. Holocaust name now used to describe the systemic murder of Jews by the Nazis
18. anti-Semitic prejudice and discrimination against Jewish people
19. Nuremberg Laws laws enacted by Hitler the denied German citizenship to Jews
20. Kristallnacht "Night of the Broken Glass" organized attacks on Jewish communities in Germany on November 9, 1938
21. genocide willful annihilation of a racial, political, or cultural group
22. concentration camp camps used by the Nazis to imprison "undesirable" members of society
23. death camp Nazi camp designed for the extermination of prisoners
24. War Refugee Board U.S. government agency founded in 1944 to save Eastern European Jews
25. Yalta Conference 1945 strategy meeting between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin
26. superpower powerful country that plays a dominant economic, political, and military role in the world
27. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) international agreement first signed in 1947 aimed at lowering trade barriers
28. United Nations (UN) organization founded in 1945 to promote peace
29. Universal Declaration of Human Rights document issued by the UN to promote basic human rights and freedoms
30. Geneva Convention international agreement governing the humane treatment of wounded soldiers and prisoner of war
31. Nuremberg Trials trails in which Nazi leaders were charged with war crimes
32. Tuskegee Airmen African American squadron that escorted bombers in the air war over Europe during World War II
Created by: K_Higgins01