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Chapter 15 Vocab

TermDefinition
1.Unconditional Surrender giving up completely without any concessions
2.Saturation Bombing tactic of dropping massive amounts of bombs in order to inflict massive damage
3.Strategic Bombing tacic of dropping bombs on key political industrial targets
4.Battle of Midway turning point of WW2 in the Pacific, where Japanese advance was STOPPED
5.Executive Order 8802 WW2 measure that assured fair hiring practices in any job funded by the government
6.Bracero Program plan that brought laborers from Mexico to work on American farms
7.Internment temporary imprisonment of members of a specific group
8.Korematsu v. US Supreme Court upheld the government's wartime internment policy
9.442nd Regimental Combat Team WW2 unti made up of Japanes-American volunteers
10.rationing government control limits on the amount of certain goods that civilians could buy during war time
11.OWI government agency that encouraged support of the woar effort during WW2
12.D-Day June 6, 1944 , the day Allies landed on the beaches of Normandy, France
13.Battle Of the Bulge December 1944 Hitler ordered a counter attack on Allied troops in Beligium, but it crippled Germany by using up reserves and demoralizing troops
14.Island Hopping WW@ strategy that involved sizing selected Japanese held islands in the Pacific while bypassing others
15.Kamikaze Japanese pilots who deliberately crashed planes into American ships in WW2
16.Manhattan Project code name of the project that developed the Atomic Bomb
17.Holocaust name now used to describe the systematic murder of Jews by the Nazis
18.Anti-Semitism prejudice and discrimination against Jewish people
19.Nuremberg Laws laws enacted by Hitler that denied German citizenship to Jews
20.Kristallnacht "night of the broken glass," organized attack on Jewish communities in Germany on November 9, 1938
21.Genocide willful and annihilation of a racial, political, or cultural group
22.Concentration Camp camps used by the Nazis to imprison "udesirable" members of society
23.Death Camp Nazicamp designed for the extermination of prisoners
24.War Refugee Board US government agency founded in 1944 to save Eastern European Jews
25.Tuskegee Airmen African American fighter squadron
26.Yalta Conference the Big Three agreed that Poland, Bulgaria, and Romania would hold free elections
27.Superpower United States and the Soviet Union (Allies)
28.GATT 1948 treaty designed to expand world trade by reducing tariffs
29.United Nations an organization that many hoped would succeed where the League of Nations failed
30.Universal Declaration of Human Rights condemned slavery and torture, upholds freedom of speech and religion, affirms that "everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well being of himself and his family"
31.Geneva Convention international agreement governing the humane treatment of wounded soldiers and prisoners of war
32.Nuremberg Trials Allies prosecuted Nazis for crimes
Created by: SRichard