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Flashcard Quiz

Quiz Terms

TermDefinition
people in each state would decide the slavery issue through popular sovereignty Kansas-Nebraska Act
nurse who founded the American Red Cross Clara Barton
made up of the President, Vice President, and cabinet; enforces or carries out laws Executive Branch
imaginary lines that run east to west on a map Lines of Latitude
California entered as a free state and the Southwest would decide the slavery issue for themselves Compromise of 1850
General of the Union Army; accepted Robert E. Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Courthouse, VA Ulysses S. Grant
made up of the Supreme Court (9 Justices); interprets or decides meaning of laws; makes sure laws follow the Constitution Judicial Branch
skilled Confederate general during the Civil War Stonewall Jackson
Missouri entered as a slave state and Maine entered as a free state Missouri Compromise
president of the Confederate States of America (CSA) during the American Civil War Jefferson Davis
leader of the Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War; turned down command of Union Army; urged Southerners to accept defeat and unite as Americans Robert E. Lee
marked the beginning of the Civil War Fort Sumter
made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate (Congress); makes laws Legislative Branch
16th President of the US; wanted to preserve the Union during the Civil War; wrote the “Gettysburg Address” Abraham Lincoln
written by President Lincoln; said the Civil War was to preserve the government “of the people, by the people, and for the people.” Gettysburg Address
a tax on products from other countries to make people choose locally-made goods over foreign-made goods tariff
imaginary lines that run north to south on a map Lines of Longitude
first major battle in the Civil War 1st Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
made “freeing slaves” the new focus of the war; many freed slaves joined the Union army Emancipation Proclamation
lived in Southwest desert, present-day Arizona and New Mexico; climate is hot and dry; lived in adobe homes near mountains and cliffs Pueblo
lived in northeastern North America (Eastern Woodlands); four distinct seasons and heavily forested; lived in longhouses Iroquois
founded by the Quakers who wanted to practice their religion without interference Pennsylvania Colony
founded by people in English debtors prisons who wanted economic freedom Georgia Colony
someone who studies human behavior and cultures of the past through the recovery and analysis of artifacts archaeologist
African American soldier and later naval captain who was highly honored for his feats of bravery and heroism during the Civil War; went on to become a US Congressman Robert Smalls
Created by: MrsBonini