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US History

midterm review

QuestionAnswer
The relatively flat, grassy region of the United States between the MississippiRiver and the Rocky Mountains is known as the Great Plains
Which geographic feature contributed the most to the development of commerce throughout colonial America? natural harbors
According to the theory of mercantilism, the principal purpose of the thirteen original colonies was to provide Great Britain with raw materials and markets
The Mayflower Compact and the Virginia House of Burgesses are examples of steps toward representative government
In the publication Common Sense, Thomas Paine argued that the American colonies should end their political relationship with Great Britain
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 set a precedent for other western territories by providing a method for the creation of new states
Mercantilism an economic system where the mother country too raw materials from the colonies and sold the manufactured goods back to the colonies
Mayflower compact pilgrims government- representative government self rule
Common Sense written by Thomas Paine. encouraged American colonists to proclaim their independence from England
Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Provided a method for the creation of new states.
Articles of Confederation states had most power to govern congress had the power to tax, but not to collect the tax. federal government could not enforce laws , no federal judicial branch
The Great Compromise settled the issue of representation in congress. every state had 2 senators, house of representatives was based on population of each state
Federalism government with a strong central government with some power shared with the states
Anti Federalists weak central/federal government. Opposed the constitution because individual rights were not adequately protected. The Bill of Rights was added so they would ratify the constitution
George Washington's farewell address United States should stay neutral and stay out of European affairs.
Alexander Hamilton secretary of the Treasury under George Washington. he created the national bank
Judicial review supreme court had the power to declare laws unconstitutional. First time seeing this was in the case of Marbury vs. Madison
Electoral College these are the people who actually vote for the president, sometimes a president can with the election without winning the popular vote.
unwritten constitution power not stated specifically in the constitution. ex: the presidents cabinet, political parties.
the elastic clause gives congress the power to stretch its powers written in the constitution to meet the changes in society. for example-creating the Air Force
Created by: kherniman