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Ch. 13

Chapter 13

TermDefinition
1. New Deal programs and legislation enacted by Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression to promote economic recovery and social reform
2. fireside chat informal radio broadcasts in which FDR explained issues and New Deal programs to average Americans
3. FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation) government agency that ensures bank deposits, guaranteeing that depositors money will be safe
4. TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority) government agency that built dams in the Tennessee River Valley to control flooding and generate electric power
5. CCC (Civilian Conservation Corp) New Deal program that provided young men with relief jobs on environmental conservation projects, including reforestation and flood control
6. NRA (National Recovery Admission) New Deal agency that promotes economic recovery by regulating production, price, and wages
7. PWA (Public Works Administration) New Deal agency that provided work relief through various public buildings
8. Second New Deal legislative activity begun by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1935 to solve problems created by the Great Depression
9. WPA (Works Progress Administration) key New Deal agency that provided work relief through various works projects
10. pump priming economic theory that favored public works projects because they put money into the hands of consumers who would but more goods,stimulating the economy
11. Social Security Act 1935 law that set up a pension system for retires, established unemployment insurance, and created insurance for victims of work-related accidents; provided aid for poverty-stricken mothers and children,the blind, and the disabled
12. Wagner Act New Deal Law that abolished unfair labor practices, recognized the right of employees to organize labor unions, and gave workers the right to collective bargaining
13. collective bargaining process in which employers negotiate with labor unions about hours, wages, and other working conditions
14. Fair Labor Standards Act 1938 law that set a minimum wage, a maximum workweek of 44 hours, and outlawed child labor
15. CIO (Congress of Industrial Organization) labor organization founded in the 1930s that represented unskilled industrial workers
16. sit-down strikes labor protest in which workers stop working and occupy the workplace until their demands are met
17. court packing FDR plan to add up to 6 new justices to the nine-member Supreme Court after the Court had ruled that some New Deal legislation was unconstitutional
18. Black Cabinet group of African American leaders who served as unofficial advisors to Franklin D. Roosevelt
19. Indian New Deal 1930s legislation that gave Indians greater control over their affairs and provided funding for schools and hospitals
20. New Deal Coalition political force formed by diverse groups who united to support Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal
21. welfare state government that assumes responsibility for providing for the welfare
22. The Wizard of Oz one of the most memorable depression-era films
23. Wars of World 1938 drama-millions of Americans listened in
24. Federal Art Project division of the Works Progress Administration that hired unemployed artists to creat artworks for public buildings and sponsored art-education programs and exhibitors
25. mural a large picture painted directly on a wall or ceiling
Created by: K_Higgins01