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History Vocab Test

October 23 Test #2

TermDefinition
Civil Disobedience The process of defying codes of conduct within a community or ignoring the policies and government of a state or nation when civil laws are considered unjust.
Declaration of Independence Signed on July 4, 1776; we declared independence from Great Britain. Written by Thomas Jefferson with input from John Adams and Benjamin Franklin.
Rural Relates to the country side, less populated areas. Economy based on agriculture.
Urban Relates to cities, more populated areas. Economy based on commerce and trade.
Dred Scott vs. Sandford Landmark Supreme Court case in 1857 which confirmed the status of slaves as property rather than citizens. The court said a slave could not be heard in Federal Court because he was not a citizen, so slaves were not protected under the Constitution.
Emancipation Proclamation Declared on September 22, 1862, to take effect on January 1, 1863. Declared that all slaves in Confederate States would be free.
English Bill of Rights Passed in 1689- Accepted by King William and Queen Mary. Granted certain rights to all English citizens. England moved from an absolute monarchy to a limited monarchy.
William Penn Established a colony in Pennsylvania as a refuge for Quakers, where they could create a government based on their religious teachings.
Federalism The distribution of power between a federal government and the states within the union. This is the system of government of the United States.
Federalist Wanted a strong national government (James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay)
Anti-Federalist Wanted a weak national government and strong state governments (Patrick Henry and George Mason.)
Thomas Paine His writing influenced the founding fathers: his many works include Common Sense.
Federalist Papers A series of 85 essays written dealing with the debate between federalists and anti-federalists; written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay. Helped lead to the ratification of the Constitution.
Robert E. Lee Famous military hero; became Commanding General of the Confederate Army in 1861. Has gone down in history as one of the greatest Generals the world has ever seen.
The Great Awakening Have been 2 of them; they were new ideas dealing with religion in the U.S. -1st: (1730s-1740s) Movement from predestination to salvation through good works. -2nd: (in the 1800s) Movement favoring a more personal and emotional approach to faith then a ra
Founding Fathers Applied to those individuals who played a major role in declaring U.S. independence, fighting the Revolutionary War, or writing and passing the U.S. Constitution.
Free Blacks These were former slaves or descendants of slaves in both the North and the South. They were born free from slavery or bought their freedom. Although they were free, they were denied basic rights like the right to vote.
Free Enterprise System Economic system based on supply and demand. The motivation of profit is an important factor of this system.
French and Indian War A war fought between England and France in Colonial North America (1756-1763). Was a part of the Seven Years War going on in Europe. They were fighting over control of North America.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut First written Constitution in the American colonies. Established in the 1630s; was a written Constitution; had Puritan ideas; was not only a pack between the government and the people, but also the government and God.
John Marshall Served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court from 1801-1835. Established the power of the Supreme Court and the concept of Judicial Review.
Gettysburg Address During the Civil War, on November 19, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln traveled to Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, to dedicate a national cemetery at the site of the Battle of Gettysburg. Statement of why the North was fighting the Civil War.
Created by: eabowman