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Chapter 7 Vocabulary

US History

TermDefinition
George Washington commander of the Continental Army
mercenary professional soldier hired to fight for a foreign country
strategy overall plan of action
rendezvous a meeting
Battles of Saratoga a series of conflicts between British soldiers and the Continental Army in 1777 that proved to be a turning point in the Revolutionary War
ally a country that agrees to help another country achieve a common goal
Marquis de Lafayette 19 year old French nobleman who volunteered to serve in Washington's army
bayonet long steel knives attached to the ends of guns
desert when a soldier(s) leave military duty without intending to return
privateer a privately owned ship that a wartime government gives permission to attack an enemy's merchant ships
James Forten son of a free African American sail maker who signed up to become a privateer
John Paul Jones a Continental officer who won the most famous sea battle
Lord Cornwallis a British general
guerrillas small bands of fighters who weaken the enemy with surprise raids and hit-and-run attacks
pacifist people who are opposed to war
Battle of Yorktown the last major battle of the Revolutionary War, which resulted in the surrender of British forces in 1781
Treaty of Paris of 1783 the treaty that ended the French and Indian War; Britain gained all of North America east of the Mississippi River
republicanism the belief that government should be based on the consent of the people; people exercise their power by voting for political representatives
Elizabeth Freeman she was sued for her freedom in a Massachusetts court and won, her victory and similar cases ended slavery in that state
Richard Allen he was a preacher who helped start the Free African Society
Created by: s0205202