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Foy Ch. 7 Test

QuestionAnswer
Where did most Americans live in 1790? the countryside
What was Thomas Jefferson’s view on the national bank? As a strict constructionist, he didn’t believe Congress could create a bank because it wasn’t in the Constitution.
What was President Washington’s view on the national bank? He agreed with Hamilton that the bank would provide stability for the economy.
What did Alexander Hamilton want the federal government to buy back in order to gain Americans’ trust? bonds sold during the Revolution
Why did Supreme Court Chief Justice John Jay go to London to discuss a treaty with Great Britain? because of damages to American ships
What law supported the idea that states could challenge the federal government by declaring the Alien and Sedition Acts unconstitutional? Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
Which of the following men believed in a strong federal government? Alexander Hamilton
Why did Hamilton want a national bank? to give out loans to the government and businesses to have a place the government could safely deposit its money
Who won the presidential election of 1796 to become the second President of the United States? John Adams
What did Hamilton want the federal government to pay in order to help the national economy? $21.5 of the $25 million in state debt
Why did Congress pass a tax on American-made whiskey in 1791? help pay the federal debt
Why was the capital city moved from New York to Philadelphia while Washington D.C. was being built? Hamilton made a deal with Southern states to gain support for his debt plan.
What country or countries did Washington not want to take sides with when he issued the Neutrality Proclamation? any European country
What groups formed during the election of 1796 in order to elect people with similar beliefs and help shape laws? political parties
What was the importance of President Washington setting up his cabinet with different departments for different areas of national policy? it set a precedent for future governmental leaders to follow
Why did French agents ask American officials for a bribe during the XYZ Affair? to consider a treaty between the US and France
Why did many Americans support the French Revolution? They believed the French were trying to create a democracy.
What did Thomas Jefferson want the US economy to be based on? agriculture
What did the United States refuse to send to France to help in its war against Britain because of neutrality? privateers
What did Hamilton believe would best grow the American economy? manufacturing
When the first Congress set up the Judicial Branch by creating three levels of federal courts, this decision would serve as example for future governments to follow. What is this an example of? setting a precedent
What role did Martha Washington have as the first “First Lady?” She entertained guests and attended social events.
What was Alexander Hamilton’s biggest challenge as Treasury Secretary? paying off the national debt
Who selected George Washington to be the first President in 1789? the electoral college
Which of the following did George Washington NOT warn Americans against in his Farewell Address? raising taxes
Who lost the election of 1796 and later tried to declare the Alien and Sedition Acts illegal? Thomas Jefferson
What treaty ended U.S. fighting with American Indians and allowed the government to enter American Indian lands in the Northwest Territory? Treaty of Greenville
Who founded the Federalist Party? Alexander Hamilton
In the late 1700’s, what two cities had populations greater than 25,000? New York and Philadelphia
Who led the American Indian group that defeated American forces in 1790 and 1791? Little Turtle
What treaty changed the Florida border and reopened the port at New Orleans to American farmers? Pinckney's Treaty
What was an early goal of John Adams’ presidency? to improve relations with France
Why were farmers in Western Pennsylvania angry that cases about the law were tried in district court? They were often far away from the people affected.
What did most Americans want from their new government? to improve trade and to protect them
What laws allowed President Adams to removed foreign residents he thought were involved in plots against the government? Alien and Sedition Acts
You are a farmer in Western Pennsylvania. You believe the federal government should keep tariffs low to allow you to buy foreign goods to use at your farm. You also believe the federal government should have limited power. What political party are you in? Democratic-Republican Party
Who did President Washington appoint as his secretary of the treasury and secretary of state, in that order? Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson
You are a merchant in New York City. You want the federal government to raise tariffs so that your manufactured products are cheaper than foreign products. What political party would you belong to? Federalist Party
What city was the first capital of the United States? New York City
What law created three levels of federal courts within the judicial branch? Judiciary Act of 1789
Created by: lfoy8290