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Pilgrims

Review

QuestionAnswer
Church of England The English broke away from the Catholic Church and formed their own sec (religious group).
Puritans They wanted to purify (correct the wrongs) of the church.
Separatists Did not agree with some of the practices of the Church of England But they wanted to separate or cut all ties with the church.
Netherlands The Pilgrims first tried to immigrate here but felt they were losing their English culture. They were also not satisfied with the jobs that were available.
Joint-Stock Company Group of investors. Pilgrims asked merchants to buy stock so they could start a new colony in North America.
Plymouth They wanted to land near Jamestown but because of bad weather they landed too far north near Cape Cid (Massachusetts).
William Bradford The pastor and governor of Plymouth.
Mayflower Compact First document that sets up a self-government. A cornerstone of the American form of government.
Samoset First native American to make contact with the Pilgrims. He was able to speak some English because of the fisherman who had visited the area.
Squanto Taught the Pilgrims hoe to plant corn, where to catch fish and how to fertilize the fields with the fish remains.
Wampanoag A group of Native American tribes that were ruled by Chief Massasoit. Chief Massasoit and the Pilgrims negotiated a peace agreement that lasted all the Chief's life.
Timeline The movement of the Pilgrims and what they were doing.
Why they left? Seeking religious freedom in the New World.
How they started the colony? Samoset helped them form an alliance with the Wampanoags.
When? Set sail from England in 1620.
Where did they land? Holland and set sail again to the New World. Landed Plymouth near Cape Cod.
Who were the Pilgrims? They were English separatists that wanted to split from the Church of England.
Myles Standish Eventually became they military leader of the Plymouth colony.
Why did they leave Holland? They were afraid of losing there English culture so they went to Plymouth to start there own colony.
Created by: 18millerclaudia