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What is the difference between Puritans and Separatists? Separatists wanted to either completely separate from the church or leave the church illegally, but the Puritans wanted to purify the wrongs of the church
What was the one and only religion in England in the 1600s? The Church of England
Why was the Church of England made in the first place? The King of England at that time wanted to divorce his wife, but the Catholic pope would not let him, so he formed the church of England
Where did the Pilgrims try to live first? They tried to live in the Netherlands
Why did the Pilgrims decide to leave the Netherlands after they stayed there for a couple years? They felt like they were losing their English culture, and they were given the low paying, hard working jobs because they were immigrants. They also felt it was too over populated
What is a joint stock company and why did the Pilgrims use it? A group of investors. Pilgrims asked merchants to buy stock so they can start a new colony in America.
Where did they land in the New World, instead of landing near the Jamestown settlement? The landed near Cape Cod. Then they sent a scouting party out and named their new settlement Plymouth.
Why did the Pilgrims land in Cape Cod, not Jamestown? They were caught in a storm and the storm blew them too far north causing them to land near Cape Cod.
When did the Pilgrims leave to go to the New World? September 1620
When did the Pilgrims arrive in America? November 1620
Why did the Pilgrims leave England in the first place? The were Separatists, which meant they did not like the things the church did, so if someone found out they would be killed or put in jail. They wanted to separate from the Church of England.
How many people died the first winter in Plymouth? More than half the settlers
Who was William Bradford? The pastor and governor of Plymouth
What was the Mayflower Compact? The first document that sets up a self- government. A cornerstone of the American form of government.
Why was Squanto so important to the pilgrims? A Native that could speak fluid English and he taught the Pilgrims where to fish and how to fertilize fields with fish remains. Without him the Pilgrims would have probably died.
Who was Samoset? First Native American to make contact with the Pilgrims. He was able to speak some English, learned from the English fishermen who had visited there. He introduced Squanto to the Pilgrims.
What was Squanto's backstory? He left his tribe in America to go to England and when he came back his whole tribe had vanished, so he lived with the Wampanoag tribe.
Who was the Wampanoag tribe ruled by? Chief Massasoit. Chief Massasoit and the Pilgrims negotiated a peace agreement that lasted all of the chief's life, thanks to Squanto
What was the boat called that the Pilgrims sailed on? The Mayflower
How many men signed the Mayflower Compact? 41 men
Created by: 18millerj