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Elements of Lit

TermDefinition
Point of View who is telling the story in a novel
First Person Point of View a character is telling the story from his or her viewpoint using the pronouns "I" and "We"
Third Person Limited Point of View the narrator is an outside observer that focuses on the thoughts and feelings of only one character
Third Person Omniscient Point of View the narrator is an outside observer who can tell us the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in a story
protagonist the main character or "good guy" in a story or novel
antagonist the character or force in conflict with the protagonist
flat character a character that is not well developed, has only 1-2 character traits; you don't "know" them well
round character a fully developed character with many character traits, you do "know" them well
static character a character who stays the same throughout the novel; doesn't change
dynamic character a character who undergoes an important inner change such as a change in beliefs, personality, or attitude because of their experiences in the story
characters people or animals that play an important role in a story's plot
direct characterization the narrator tells you about the appearance or character traits of a character
indirect characterization the narrator shows you about the character traits of a character through their words, actions, feelings, and thought
plot the chain or sequence of events in a story
exposition the author's introduction of the setting, main characters, and basic problem to the reader
rising action the events that build suspense and lead up to the story's climax
climax the point in the story where the problem becomes most intense - the most important thing that happens with the basic problem
falling action the events or actions after the climax that begin wrapping up the plot
resolution how the story ends - loose ends of the plot are tied up and the basic problem is solved
setting The time and place in which a story's characters live.
perspective How a person sees the world and the people around them.
characterization the way an author presents details about a character
theme The message or lesson that the author wants the reader to hear/learn. (moral)
point of view the perspective or view from which the narrator tells the story.
narrate To tell a story
narrator The person who is telling a story.
mood The overall feeling or atmosphere created by a work of literature. (reader centered)
tone The attitude a writer takes toward the subject they are writing about or the intended reader. (author centered)
conflict The struggle between the protagonist and an opposing force - without this there is no story.
character versus self a struggle between a character and his feelings, conscience, or fear
character versus character a struggle, mental or physical, between two characters
character versus nature a struggle between a character and nature such as weather, animals, insects, sickness
character versus society a struggle between a character and the laws or beliefs of a group
Created by: mrsgannon