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History Facts 11-20

11. __________is the refusal to obey a government law or laws as a means of passive resistance because of one’s moral conviction or belief. Civil Disobedience
12. The _______ was the first representative assembly in the new world. It was in the colony of Virginia. It protected individual rights of the colonists. House of Burgesses
13. The _________ was the agreement signed by most of the men on the ship in 1620 by the Pilgrims in Plymouth. It established self-government and majority rule. It would become a model for representative government Mayflower Compact
14. __________ was the first written constitution in the colonies. This document, written by the people, stated that people had the right to elect governors, judges, and a legislature. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
15. He founded Connecticut and influenced the writing of the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. He believed in democratic ideas allowing for the people to limit the power of the government which operates with the consent of the governed. Thomas Hooker
16. He founded Rhode Island which allowed religious toleration. He also believed in separation of church and state. Roger Williams
17. He founded Pennsylvania for the Quakers who believed everyone was equal in God’s eyes. His colony was an experiment of equality and citizen involvement in the government. William Penn
18. He, an English scholar who believed strongly in religious tolerance; supported the idea of self-defense (later became the 2nd Amendment); wrote about “natural rights” which included life and liberty. William Blackstone
19. He, an English Enlightenment philosopher, believed that people had natural rights of life, liberty and protection of property. He also believed the government can be changed by the people if the government is not protecting the people’s rights. John Locke
20. He, a French Enlightenment thinker, expanded on Locke’s beliefs. He added the judiciary to Locke’s executive and legislature. He also wrote of the separation of powers. Charles de Montesquieu
Created by: mavris