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Foy Ch. 7 Vocab

TermDefinition
electoral college A group of people selected from each of the states to cast votes in presidential elections.
precedent An action or decision that later serves as an example.
Judiciary Act of 1789 Legislation passed by Congress that created the federal court system.
national debt The total amount of money owed by a country to its lenders.
bonds Certificates that represent money the government has borrowed from private citizens.
speculators Investors who buy items at low prices in hope that their values will rise.
loose construction A way of interpreting the Constitution that allows the federal government to take actions that the Constitution does not specifically forbid it from taking.
strict construction A way of interpreting the Constitution that allows the federal government to take only those actions the Constitution specifically says it can take.
Bank of the United States A national bank chartered by Congress in 1791 to provide security for the U.S. economy.
French Revolution French rebellion that began in 1789 in which the French people overthrew the monarchy and made their country a republic.
Neutrality Proclamation A 1793 statement made by President George Washington that the United States would not side with any of the nations at war in Europe following the French Revolution.
privateers Private ships authorized by a nation to attack its enemies.
Jay's Treaty A 1794 agreement negotiated by John Jay to work out problems between Britain and the United States over northwestern lands, British seizure of the U.S. ships, and U.S. debts owed to the British.
Pinckney's Treaty A 1795 agreement between the United States and Spain that changed Florida's border and made it easier for American ships to use the port of New Orleans.
Battle of Fallen Timbers A 1794 battle between U.S. troops and an American Indian confederation that ended Indian efforts to halt white settlement in the Northwest Territory.
Treaty of Greenville A 1795 agreement between Native American confederation leaders and the U.S. government that gave the United States Indian lands in the Northwest Territory and guaranteed that U.S. citizens could safely travel through the region.
Whiskey Rebellion A 1794 protest of small farmers in Pennsylvania against new taxes on whiskey.
political parties Groups of people who organize to help elect government officials and influence government policies.
Federalist Party A political party created in the 1790's and influenced by Alexander Hamilton that wanted to strengthen the federal government and promoted industry and trade.
Democratic-Republican Party A political party founded in the 1790's by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and other leaders who wanted to preserve the power of the state governments and promote agriculture.
XYZ Affair A 1797 incident in which French agents attempted to get a bribe and loans from U.S. diplomats in exchange for an agreement that French privateers would no longer attack American ships; it led to an undeclared naval war between the two countries.
Alien and Sedition Acts 1798 laws passed by a Federalist-dominated Congress aimed at protecting the government from treasonous ideas, actions and people.
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions 1798-1799 Republican documents that argued that the Alien and Sedition Acts were unconstitutional.
Created by: lfoy8290