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Geography

Maps

TermDefinition
geography the study of places, their location, and their physical and human characteristics
cartographer a person who makes maps
absolute location refers to a specific spot
relative location a place in relation to other places
cardinal directions north, south, east, and west
intermediate directions northeast, northwest, southeast, and southwest
U.S. landforms Coastal plains Appalachian Mountains interior plains and lakes mountains and basins pacific areas
longitude lines on a globe that run north to south and measure east to west
latitude lines on a globe that run east to west and measure north to south
manmade boundaries boundaries made by man. ex: longitude and latitude
natural boundaries boundaries made be mother nature. ex: Sabine river
climate map general information about the climate and precipitation in a region. different colors show climate or precipitation zones
resource map features the type of natural resources or economic activity that dominates an area. cartographers use symbols
physical map shows physical features of an area (mountains, rivers, lakes) colors show land elevation
road map show major and some minor highways - also shows roads, airports, and railroad tracks
topographic map contours lines to show the shape and elevation of an area. close line: steep. far apart lines: flat
political map indicate state and national boundaries, capitols, and major cities
coordinates values given as latitude and longitude
U.S. time zones pacific mountain central eastern Alaskian Hawaiian
elements of a map map title compass rose legend/map key scale inset map
map title title so one can determine what information is being described on a map
scale graphic that compares the distance on a map to the actual distance it represents
inset map a smaller map set within the border of a larger one
legend/map key list that explains the symbols on a map
Created by: Ashley87923