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LD CH 20 - Immigration

When do the New Immigrants come to America? Came from 1880 to 1921
Where did the New Immigrants come from? Southern & Eastern Europe (Italy, Greece, Poland), Asia and Latin America.
What is Assimilation? The process of becoming similar to another culture.
Why did these new immigrants have a hard time assimilating? Had different religions, appearances, customs, and languages.
What were the PUSH Factors? Famine (Ireland), lack of jobs, lack of land, political and religious persecution (Jews), poverty, and hardship.
What were the PULL Factors? Promise of Freedom, Better Life, Gold, Factory Jobs, Land out West, Chance to join family & friends already settled in the U.S.
What is Ellis Island? Before 1954 is was the nation's busiest immigration inspection station.
What was the length of the trip across the Atlantic? One to two weeks
What were the conditions on the boat? Crowded and dirty for the third class. First and Second Class has nicer accommodations
What is steerage? A large open space at the bottom of the ship.
What was the Statue of Liberty a symbol of for these immigrants? Freedom
According to Emma Lazarus poem, who was welcome in the U.S.? The homeless, the poor, the tired, and tempest-tossed garbage.
What were the Medical Examinations like? Looked for illness or contagious disease.
Who was excused and why? First and second class passengers because they had less risk of passing diseases.
What were Legal Examinations like? Asked 29 questions and if any of there answers were different from those on the manifest then they were detained fro further questioning.
What is Angel Island? Processing Center for West Coast immigrants (Chinese, Korean, Philippine, and Japanese)
What is Nativism? Belief that America should be preserved for the white protestants (old immigrants).
Why were the Chinese a target of nativists? Competition for jobs, overcrowding, different looks, different religion, different languages, and different customs.
What was the treatment of Chinese by nativists? Were murdered, violence was high, charged high taxes, couldn't testify against whites, businesses were burned down, couldn't go to school with whites and cut off their braids.
What was the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1883? A 60 year exclusion of all Chinese laborers to the U.S.
When did the Chinese Exclusion Act end? 1943
Who was still allowed in according to the Chinese Exclusion Act? Students, teachers, merchants, and families.
What was the treatment of the Chinese on Angel Island? Lived in barracks that had bars on the doors and windows; watched by guards.
How did Chinese often vent their frustrations and anguish? Carving poems on the walls of Angel Island.
What is Urbanization? Movement from farms to cities. Began in 1800's (after the civil war)
Why did people move to cities? Due to the industrialization of America. Farm machinery made the need for fewer farm hands. Women no longer needed to make clothes or home goods.
What are Tenements? Buildings that were divided up into small apartments. Many had no heat, windows, or indoor bathrooms.
What were the problems with the cities? Garbage & Horse Manure accumulated on streets, sewers couldn't handle the flow, Fires, Health problems and poverty.
What were Building Codes? Set standards for how structures should be built.
What was Yellow Journalism? Term newspapers used to show who was outdoing the rest of the world with scandals, crime stories, and gossip.
What did they built skyscrapers? Due to a lack of space
What improvements were made for transportation? Led to the creation of public transportation
What was Settlement Houses (Ex: Hull House)? Community Centers that offered services to the poor. (Jane Adams)
Created by: desilva13