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12 GOV Vocab CH 13

Ponder Government Vocab Ch 13

TermDefinition
chief of state Term for the President as the ceremonial head of the United States, the symbol of all the people of the nation.
chief executive Term for the President as vested with the executive power of the United States.
chief administrator Term for the President as head of the administration of the Federal Government.
chief diplomat Term for the President as the main architect of foreign policy and spokesperson to other countries.
Commander-in-Chief Term for the President as commander of the nation’s armed forces.
chief legislator Term for the President as architect of public policy and the one who sets the agenda for Congress.
chief of party Term for the President as the leader of his or her political party.
chief citizen Term for the President as the representative of the people, working for the public interest.
presidential succession Scheme by which a presidential vacancy is filled.
Presidential Succession Act 1947 Law specifying the order of presidential succession following the Vice President.
balance the ticket When a presidential candidate chooses a running mate who can strengthen his chance of being elected by virtue of certain ideological, geographic, racial, ethnic, gender, or other characteristics.
presidential electors A person elected by the voters to represent them in making a formal selection of the Vice President and President.
electoral votes Votes cast by electors in the electoral college.
electoral college Group of persons chosen in each State and the District of Columbia every four years who make a formal selection of the President and Vice President.
presidential primary An election in which a party’s voters (1) choose State party organization’s delegates to their party’s national convention, and/or (2) express a preference for their party’s presidential nomination.
winner-take-all system An almost obsolete system whereby a presidential aspirant who won the preference vote in a primary automatically won all the delegates chosen in the primary.
proportional representative rule Rule applied in Democratic primaries whereby any candidate who wins at least 15 percent of the votes gets the number of State Democratic convention delegates based on his or her share of that primary vote.
national convention Meeting at which a party’s delegates vote to pick their presidential and vice-presidential candidates.
platform A political party’s formal statement of basic principles, stands on major issues, and objectives.
keynote address Speech given at a party convention to set the tone for the convention and the campaign to come.
district plan Proposal for choosing presidential electors by which two electors would be selected in each State according to the Statewide popular vote and the other electors would be selected separately in each of the State’s congressional districts.
proportional plan Proposal by which each presidential candidate would receive the same share of a State’s electoral vote as he or she received in the State’s popular vote.
direct popular election Proposal to do away with the electoral college and allow the people to vote directly for President and Vice President.
electorate All of the people entitled to vote in a given election.
national bonus plan Proposal for electing a President by which the winner of the popular vote would receive a bonus of 102 electoral votes in addition to his or her State-based electoral college votes.
Created by: breckart2